Publications

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    • Politique internationale, Enfance et adolescence
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir la violence: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication summarizes current data on what is effective in preventing and managing violence, showing effective interventions and good practices through a distinct gender perspective. Through a review of the existing evidence, it looks at why is it important to look at gender as a determinant of adolescence health, what are the main differences between girls and boys in exposure to risk, norms and values and access to services, and what are the different responses from the health sector and the community.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Alimentation, Maladies, Petite enfance, Politique internationale, Enfance et adolescence
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Santé mentale, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Soins de santé mentale de longue durée pour les personnes atteintes de graves troubles mentaux]
    The provision of long-term mental health care for people with severe mental disorders has been, and still is, one of the major challenges for mental health systems reform in the last decades, for various reasons.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Drogues, Accidents et blessures, Politique internationale, Violence
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer les blessures et la toxicomanie: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    In most European countries there is amounting evidence on gender differences among adolescents with regard to exposure and vulnerability to injuries and substance abuse, however, preventive policies and programmes remain in many instances gender neutral. Generally, there seems to be an assumption that interventions and programmes will be just as effective for boys as for girls. However evidence shows that gender sensitive interventions are more effective and it is recommended that awareness of gender issues in prevention should be included in professional training and continuing education programs for prevention specialists.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Environnement, Radioprotection
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Allemand

    [Rapport intermédiaire pour le stress test de la centrale nucléaire de Cattenom]
    Suite à l'accident à la centrale nucléaire de Fukushima en mars 2011, le Conseil européen des 24 et 25 mars 2011 a annoncé que la sûreté de toutes les centrales nucléaires européennes devait être contrôlée sur base d'une analyse de risque transparente et intégrale baptisée ‘stress test'. L'objectif de ce stress test est d'évaluer dans quelle mesure les centrales nucléaires disposent de marges de sûreté qui garantissent la sûreté de leur exploitations, même en situation d'urgence extrême.
    La participation luxembourgeoise au stress test nucléaire de la centrale de Cattenom a été réalisée en étroite coopération avec la Sarre et la Rhénanie-Palatinat.
    Ce travail a donné lieu à une série de réunions, de juillet à novembre 2011, lors desquelles fut analysé dans le détail le rapport dressé par l'opérateur de la centrale de Cattenom, la société EDF. Les discussions avec les partenaires allemands ont permis d'identifier un certain nombre d'éléments dans le rapport de l'opérateur, particulièrement sujets à caution et ont abouti à ce rapport intermédiaire commun, réalisé en étroite coopération avec la Sarre et la Rhénanie-Palatinat.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Ministère de la Santé
    • Alimentation, Grossesse et maternité, Petite enfance
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Français

    Cette enquête nationale sur l’alimentation des bébés de 4, 6 et 12 mois a été réalisée par le Ministère de la Santé en collaboration avec le Comité National pour la Promotion et le Soutien de l’Allaitement maternel.

    Les principaux objectifs de cette enquête étaient les suivants :
    Étudier la prévalence et la durée de l’allaitement maternel et les caractéristiques de l’alimentation en général des bébés âgés de 4 mois, 6 mois et 12 mois.

    Connaître l’expérience de l'allaitement que les mères ont vécue.
    Identifier les facteurs ayant des influences positives ou négatives sur l’initiation de l’allaitement, l’allaitement exclusif et la continuation de l’allaitement aux âges recommandés du bébé.

    Entre 50 et 60% des mères enquêtées par questionnaire en langue française, allemande, portugaise ou anglaise ont répondu à l’appel de participation. L’échantillon final pour l’évaluation statistique se composait de 2 412 bébés et de 2 366 mères.

    L’ étude ALBA est un élément important pour illustrer la situation alimentaire de nos bébés, pour identifier les taux de l’allaitement maternel jusqu’à 12 mois, pour relever un certain nombre de problèmes en lien avec l’allaitement. De ce fait, elle a contribué d’une manière décisive à la formulation de recommandations pour l’élaboration du plan d’actions 2011-2015 en matière de promotion, soutien et protection de l’allaitement au Luxembourg.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Ministère de la Santé - Direction de la santé
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer les conditions chroniques: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication gives an overview of effective interventions and good practices in preventing and managing chronic conditions. On the basis of existing evidence it looks at why is it important to look at gender as a determinant of adolescence health, what are the main differences between girls and boys in exposure to risk, norms and values and access to services, and what are the different responses from the health sector and the community.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Ecole
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [L’impact de la santé et des comportements sains sur les résultats scolaires dans les pays à revenu élevé : une analyse des bases factuelles]
    Education is known to have an effect on health. But to what extent do good health and healthy behaviours contribute to educational attainment? This publication reviews current knowledge, especially in high-income countries, and finds evidence of a causal link. While gaps in research remain, these results have policy implications for the ways child health in richer countries may be used to improve educational outcomes.
    This publication will be of interest to academics, practitioners and policy-makers in the areas of both education and child health

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Violence
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur la prévention de la maltraitance envers les aînés]

    Elder maltreatment is pervasive throughout the WHO European Region: at least 4 million elderly people are estimated to experience maltreatment in any one year and 2500 of them will die each year. Most countries in the Region have an ageing population, putting increasing numbers of people at risk.

    This report highlights the biological, social, cultural, economic and environmental factors that influence the risk of being a victim or perpetrator of elder maltreatment, as well as the protective factors that can help prevent it. There is some evidence of effective interventions, including psychological programmes for perpetrators and programmes designed to change attitudes towards older people, improve the mental health of caregivers and, in earlier life, to promote nurturing relationships and learn social skills. The evidence base needs to be strengthened, but surveys show that the public and policy-makers are already concerned about the problem. This report proposes a set of actions for Member States, international agencies, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, practitioners and other stakeholders to strengthen the policy response and devote adequate resources to the issue.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Alimentation, Maladies, Activité physique
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Alimentation, activité physique et prévention des maladies cardiovasculaires en Europe]
    In May 2002 The European Heart Network published “Food, Nutrition and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in the European Union: Challenges for the New Millenium” There have been important changes in the landscape in relation to diet, physical activity and cardiovascular disease since 2002.
    This new report reviews the latest evidence on the relationship between cardiovascular health and what we eat or how active we are. It also takes a close look at current European eating and physical activity patterns and proposed a series of policy actions.
    Two sets of population goals
    We propose two sets of population goals for European countries to work towards in the medium and long term. The intermediate targets are set at a level which governments could realistically aim for within the next five to ten years. The second, more ambitious goals highlight diet and activity levels to aim towards in the longer term.
    These goals are not dietary guidelines for individuals. They represent a recommended average intake or level for the population as a whole, and are provided as a tool for policy makers to use in settings and monitoring strategy. The goals need to be translated into meaningful food-based dietary guidelines at the country level, taking local eating habits, activity patterns and cultural factors into account.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Heart Network (EHN)
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015