Publications

15 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Politique internationale, Alcool
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Recommandations Eurocare pour une future stratégie de l'UE en matière d'alcool]

    The European Commission is currently evaluating the European Alcohol Strategy to support Member States in reducing alcohol-related harm. Eurocare, an EPHA member expert on alcohol-related issues, has published its recommendations on a future EU Alcohol Strategy, covering the period 2013-2020.

    The recommendations are formulated around a number of priority areas:

    • regulation of marketing,
    • price and taxation,
    • consumer protection including consumer information,
    • public safety and harm to others,
    • social inclusion and equity in health,
    • prevention (focus on the workplace),
    • treatment and early interventions,
    • data and evidence base

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Alcohol Policy Alliance (EUROCARE)
    • Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Sante 2020: cadre politique et stratégie]
    Health 2020 is the new European health policy framework. It aims to support action across government and society to: “significantly improve the health and well-being of populations, reduce health inequalities, strengthen public health and ensure people-centred health systems that are universal, equitable, sustainable and of high quality”.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Mise en œuvre du cadre européen pour la réduction de la consommation de sel: Résultats de l'enquête des États membres]
    This report is an overview and synthesis of responses to a questionnaire sent to Member States in February 2010. The questionnaire sought to capture activities at national level from mid 2008 until the end of 2009 that had taken place within the context of the common European Union Framework on voluntary national salt initiatives (the ‘Framework’). The survey is an informal tool to gather information and to enrich the discussion within the High Level Group on Nutrition and Physical Activity (the “High Level Group”) on coordinating efforts to reduce salt intake among the European population. Responses were received from all 29 participating European countries, the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU) plus Norway and Switzerland.
    The nutrient that should be reduced is sodium. As mostly sodium is consumed in the form of sodium chloride, which is salt, the High Level Group decided to communicate about ‘salt’ and not ‘sodium’, as this is also better understood by the public. This is why this report mostly refers to the term ‘salt’. The amount of sodium is multiplied by the factor 2.5 to give the equivalent amount of salt.
    This report does not prejudice or replace the report provided by the Council Conclusions of June 20101 which will be issued by the European Commission in the next year. The reporting period of the present document can be considered to cover the first two years of the Framework, i.e. 2008 and 2009.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Publications Office of the European Union
    • Tabac, Statistiques, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Indice européen de prévention des méfaits du tabac 2012]

    The 2012 Euro Tobacco Harm Prevention Index (ETHPI) shows huge variations in tobacco harm prevention policies and practice around Europe. Countries such as Sweden, UK and Finland, in top of the ranking, represent active measures, reducing the health threat from tobacco. In the low end of the Index are countries still ignoring the relation between tobacco consumption and public health.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Health Consumer Powerhouse
    • Grossesse et maternité, Petite enfance, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Né trop tôt: le rapport d'action mondial sur les naissances prématurées]
    Born too soon: the global action report on preterm birth provides the first-ever national, regional and global estimates of preterm birth. The report shows the extent to which preterm birth is on the rise in most countries, and is now the second leading cause of death globally for children under five, after pneumonia.
    Addressing preterm birth is now an urgent priority for reaching Millennium Development Goal 4, calling for the reduction of child deaths by two-thirds by 2015. This report shows that rapid change is possible and identifies priority actions for everyone.
    This inspiring report is a joint effort of almost 50 international, regional and national organizations, led by the March of Dimes, The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, Save the Children and the World Health Organization in support of the Every Woman Every Child effort, led by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
    Born too soon proposes actions for policy, programs and research by all partners – from governments to NGOs to the business community -- that if acted upon, will substantially reduce the toll of preterm birth, especially in high-burden countries.
    The report contains a foreword by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and is accompanied by more than 30 new and expanded commitments to prevention and care of preterm birth, joining more than 200 existing commitments on the Every Woman Every Child web site.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    Chronic, non-communicable diseases are a challenge of epidemic proportions. At a global scale, non-communicable diseases are estimated to cost $47 trillion by 2030. Europe currently has the highest number of deaths and disability in the world due to these diseases.
    This paper represents the European Chronic Disease Alliance’s (ECDA) collective input to policy makers in the frame of the European Union’s reflection process on chronic disease, specifically called for in the Council conclusions of 7 December 2010 on “Innovative approaches for chronic diseases in public health and health care systems”. The ECDA would like to urge the European Commission and the Member States to include the recommendations provided herewith in any forthcoming strategy on chronic diseases.
    For the purpose of this paper, the ECDA definition for “chronic diseases” is: Chronic non-communicable disease or conditions that are of long duration and generally slow progression, linked by common risk factors such as tobacco, physical inactivity, nutrition, alcohol, environment, and are largely preventable.
    On the basis of these Council conclusions, this paper recommends a number of concrete measures that can be taken by the European Commission and Member States to tackle chronic diseases effectively. First and foremost the ECDA calls for a coordinated EU-led strategy to tackle the enormous challenge to societies posed by chronic diseases.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Chronic Disease Alliance's (ECDA)
    • Drogues, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Évaluation de la mise en œuvre de la Stratégie antidrogue de l'UE 2005-2012 et plans d'action connexes]

    Publication disponible en version électronique sur le site de l'éditeur RAND

    Illicit drug use continues to be an important public health and safety concern in Europe. Production, trafficking and dealing in illicit drugs constitute important criminal justice challenges in themselves, and are associated with other criminal activities. The 2005-2012 EU Drugs Strategy (as with previous strategies) was developed to complement and add value to national strategies and approaches while respecting the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality set out in the EU Treaties. The main rationale for its development was that while drugs problems vary across Member States, and are experienced at the local and national level, they are "a global issue that needs to be addressed in a transnational context". RAND Europe undertook an independent evaluation of the current Strategy and its Action Plans, addressing four research objectives:

    • To assess barriers and facilitators to the implementation of objectives and priorities at EU and Member State level
    • To assess the relevance and influence of the Strategy with respect to national drugs policy and legislation
    • To assess possible impact on the drugs situation in the EU
    • To identify key aspects and recommendations for future EU Drugs Strategies

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: RAND Corporation
    • Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [La gouvernance pour la santé au XXIe siècle]

    Cette étude décrit les tentatives des pouvoirs publics ou d'autres acteurs d'orienter les communautés, des pays entiers, voire même des groupes de pays vers la poursuite de la santé comme partie intégrante du bien-être. Elle examine les innovations récentes en matière de gouvernance en vue d'agir sur les déterminants prioritaires de la santé, et les classe en cinq approches stratégiques de gouvernance intelligente pour la santé.

    Governance for health describes the attempts of governments and other actors to steer communities, whole countries or even groups of countries in the pursuit of health as integral to well-being. This study tracks recent governance innovations to address the priority determinants of health and categorizes them into five strategic approaches to smart governance for health. It relates the emergence of joint action by the health sector and non-health sectors, by public and private actors and by citizens, all of whom have an increasing role to play in achieving seminal changes in 21st-century societies.

    This study was commissioned to provide the evidence base for the new European health policy, Health 2020. Calling for a health-in-all-policies, whole-of-government and whole-of-society approach, Health 2020 uses governance as a “lens” through which to view all technical areas of health.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Action sur les déterminants sociaux de la santé, la dimension urbaine et le rôle des autorités locale]
    Le présent rapport résume les bases factuelles sur les déterminants sociaux de la santé dans le contexte urbain, s'inspirant des conclusions de la Commission mondiale des déterminants sociaux de la santé et de l'Étude européenne sur les déterminants sociaux de la santé et la fracture sanitaire.
    Il montre aussi comment les autorités locales, par leur leadership, peuvent jouer un rôle important en agissant sur ces causes des inégalités en santé par une collaboration intersectorielle et avec les partenaires de la société civile.
    Le rapport présente un aperçu utile des pratiques adoptées en Europe à cet égard. Il recense des domaines d'action prioritaires et définit les principaux obstacles à la mise en œuvre afin de soutenir et de favoriser l'intérêt croissant dont font preuve les autorités locales en matière de lutte contre les inégalités, qu'il s'agisse de leur sensibilité à ce problème et de la prise de mesures proactives.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015