Publications

35 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Santé mentale, Travail
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Gestion des risques psychosociaux au travail: une analyse des résultats de l'enquête européenne des entreprises sur les risques nouveaux et émergents (ESENER)]
    In 2009, EU-OSHA carried out the first Europe-wide establishment survey on health and safety at the workplace, the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Following on from the initial analysis presented in the descriptive overview report in 2010, four secondary analysis projects have been carried out in 2011. This report focuses on management of psychosocial risks at work, exploring how practices vary across Europe depending on, for example, establishment size, location and sector.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Publications Office of the European Union
    • Santé mentale, Travail
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Français, Anglais

    D’après le nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, les troubles mentaux représentent un problème croissant dans la société, affectant de plus en plus la productivité et le bien-être des personnes au travail.
    Mal-être au travail ? Mythes et réalités sur la santé mentale et l’emploi, révèle qu’un travailleur sur cinq souffre de troubles mentaux, comme la dépression ou l’anxiété, et que bon nombre d’entre eux peinent à s’en sortir.
    Le rapport bat en brèche plusieurs idées fausses concernant la question de la santé mentale, et estime en conclusion que les pouvoirs publics doivent s’efforcer de trouver des solutions nouvelles. La plupart des personnes souffrant d’un trouble mental travaillent : leurs taux d’emploi oscillent entre 55 et 70 %, soit 10 à 15 points de pourcentage de moins que ceux des personnes en bonne santé.

    Pour visualiser gratuitement la version PDF de ce rapport, consulter le site de l'OCDE.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques (OCDE)
    • Hygiène, Maladies, Statistiques
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    The HAI-Net protocol for surveillance of surgical site infections in European hospitals. The main objective of this protocol is to ensure standardisation of definitions, of data collection and of reporting procedures for hospitals participating in the national/regional surveillance of surgical site infections SSI across Europe.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC)
    • Système de santé
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Méthodologie d'évaluation des capacités des systèmes de santé pour la gestion des crises: Renforcement de la préparation des systèmes de santé aux situations d'urgence. Première partie. Mode d'emploi]
    In preparing for health crises, health systems face the prospect of multiple hazards, limited resources for dealing with them and high expectations with regard to their performance. The WHO Regional Office for Europe is working with its Member States towards strengthening health-system capacity by providing technical assistance in developing and implementing crisis preparedness and management programmes. In 2008, with the aim of improving the preparedness of countries for public health emergencies, the European Commission Directorate-General for Health and Consumers and the WHO Regional Office embarked on a joint project entitled, “Support to health security, perparedness planning and crises management in European Union (EU), EU accession and neighbouring (ENP) countries”. The objectives of this project included the development of a standardized toolkit for assessing health-system capacity for managing crises.
    This toolkit was developed and revised during the course of pilot assessments carried out in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, the Republic of Moldova, Turkey and Ukraine between 2007 and 2010. It comprises two parts: (1) the present document (user manual) and (2) the assessment form.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Environnement
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Impact sanitaire du carbone noir]
    This report presents the results of a systematic review of evidence of the health effects of black carbon (BC). Short-term epidemiological studies provide sufficient evidence of an association of daily variations in BC concentrations with short-term changes in health (all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and cardiopulmonary hospital admissions). Cohort studies provide sufficient evidence of associations of allcause and cardiopulmonary mortality with long-term average BC exposure. Studies of short-term health effects suggest that BC is a better indicator of harmful particulate substances from combustion sources (especially traffic) than undifferentiated particulate matter (PM) mass, but the evidence for the relative strength of association from long-term studies is inconclusive. The review of the results of all available toxicological studies suggested that BC may not be a major directly toxic component of fine PM, but it may operate as a universal carrier of a wide variety of chemicals of varying toxicity to the lungs, the body’s major defence cells and possibly the systemic blood circulation. A reduction in exposure to PM2.5 containing BC and other combustion-related PM material for which BC is an indirect indicator should lead to a reduction in the health effects associated with PM.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Santé mentale, Travail
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Facteurs de réussite et obstacles à la gestion des risques psychosociaux: une analyse des résultats de l'enquête européenne des entreprises sur les risques nouveaux et émergents (ESENER)]
    In 2009, EU-OSHA carried out the first Europe-wide establishment survey on health and safety at the workplace, the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Following on from the initial analysis presented in the descriptive overview report in 2010, four secondary analysis projects have been carried out in 2011. This report focuses on drivers and barriers for psychosocial risks, examining the needs for support that European enterprises should be provided with to manage psychosocial risks effectively.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Publications Office of the European Union
    • Seniors
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Vieillir en bonne santé et actif]
    A compendium of programmes, good practices and other resources for promoting and sustaining the well-being of “younger” older people, with a specific reference to socially deprived and migrant groups in Europe.
    A report commissioned by Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung (BZgA).

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: EuroHealthNet
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    Chronic, non-communicable diseases are a challenge of epidemic proportions. At a global scale, non-communicable diseases are estimated to cost $47 trillion by 2030. Europe currently has the highest number of deaths and disability in the world due to these diseases.
    This paper represents the European Chronic Disease Alliance’s (ECDA) collective input to policy makers in the frame of the European Union’s reflection process on chronic disease, specifically called for in the Council conclusions of 7 December 2010 on “Innovative approaches for chronic diseases in public health and health care systems”. The ECDA would like to urge the European Commission and the Member States to include the recommendations provided herewith in any forthcoming strategy on chronic diseases.
    For the purpose of this paper, the ECDA definition for “chronic diseases” is: Chronic non-communicable disease or conditions that are of long duration and generally slow progression, linked by common risk factors such as tobacco, physical inactivity, nutrition, alcohol, environment, and are largely preventable.
    On the basis of these Council conclusions, this paper recommends a number of concrete measures that can be taken by the European Commission and Member States to tackle chronic diseases effectively. First and foremost the ECDA calls for a coordinated EU-led strategy to tackle the enormous challenge to societies posed by chronic diseases.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Chronic Disease Alliance's (ECDA)
    • Maladies, Statistiques
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Statistiques européennes de maladies cardiovasculaires 2012]
    This is the fourth edition of European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics. This fourth edition is published jointly by the European Heart Network, the European Society of Cardiology and the British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford. It is part of the European Heart Health Strategy II (EuroHeart II) project and benefits from co-funding from the European Union in the framework of the health programme. CVD remains the main cause of death in Europe with very significant differences in mortality rates between countries.
    The differences are greatest between Northern, Southern and Western European countries and Central and Eastern European Countries. There are also differences between Western and Southern European countries with Southern European countries still having lower death rates from CVD than Western European countries. However, policy makers need to consider the differences and take a close look at risk factor prevalence and trends. Differences between Southern and Western European countries may persist but they are narrowing. This may be good news for Western Europe not necessarily for Southern Europe.
    The data presented in the fourth edition of European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics show that our efforts to reduce mortality from cardiovascular diseases have been successful. Most noticeably, following steep increases in CVD mortality in some Central and Eastern European countries, these countries are now since the mid-2000 experiencing a decrease. However, the cost to the European Union economies of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is not decreasing.
    A read through the chapters of the European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics confirms that Europe suffers badly from lack of data and, particularly, lack of comparable data. This is true for prevalence and incidence rates, rates of surgical procedures as well as for diets. The European Union has an important task in developing standard methods for collecting information or agreed procedures for calibration of locally appropriate methods and questionnaires, to ensure effective service planning and quality of care for patients across the European Union.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Heart Network (EHN)
    • Maladies, Santé sexuelle, Statistiques
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Indice européen de performance pour la lutte contre l'hépatite]
    Chaque année, les troubles hépatiques causent 125.000 décès en Europe, où quelques 23 millions de personnes sont atteintes, le plus souvent sans le savoir, d'une forme d'hépatite. Ces personnes constituent par conséquent un facteur de risque élevé eu égard à la propagation de cette infection. Une nouvelle étude vient d'être menée afin de comparer les traitements et les politiques de lutte contre l'hépatite dans 30 pays européens, et ainsi identifier les approches les plus efficaces afin d'élaborer une méthodologie de référence à l'échelle paneuropéenne pour la lutte contre l'hépatite. La France arrive en tête, suivie de la Slovénie et de l'Allemagne. Le Luxembourg se classe 19e, avec 663 points sur 1.000.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Health Consumer Powerhouse
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015