Publications

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    • Maladies, Alimentation, Activité physique
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Alimentation, activité physique et prévention des maladies cardiovasculaires en Europe]
    In May 2002 The European Heart Network published “Food, Nutrition and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in the European Union: Challenges for the New Millenium” There have been important changes in the landscape in relation to diet, physical activity and cardiovascular disease since 2002.
    This new report reviews the latest evidence on the relationship between cardiovascular health and what we eat or how active we are. It also takes a close look at current European eating and physical activity patterns and proposed a series of policy actions.
    Two sets of population goals
    We propose two sets of population goals for European countries to work towards in the medium and long term. The intermediate targets are set at a level which governments could realistically aim for within the next five to ten years. The second, more ambitious goals highlight diet and activity levels to aim towards in the longer term.
    These goals are not dietary guidelines for individuals. They represent a recommended average intake or level for the population as a whole, and are provided as a tool for policy makers to use in settings and monitoring strategy. The goals need to be translated into meaningful food-based dietary guidelines at the country level, taking local eating habits, activity patterns and cultural factors into account.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Heart Network (EHN)
    • Maladies, Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer la surcharge pondérale et l'obésité: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    Worldwide the number of children at risk for overweight/obesity has increased dramatically in the last decade, varying between boys and girls, culture and socioeconomic positions.What are the explanations behind the differences in overweight, obesity and eating disorders among adolescent girls and boys? Are policies and programmes aiming at preventing overweight, obesity and eating disorders gender sensitive?

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Plan mondial Halte à la tuberculose, 2011–2015 : Transformer la lutte vers l'élimination de la tuberculose]

    Ce Plan est destiné à ceux qui dans les pays et au niveau mondial souhaitent promouvoir l’investissement dans la lutte antituberculeuse, appelle à agir :

    • Agir pour que tous les pays appliquent l’ensemble des mesures prévues dans le plan et mobilisent suffisamment de ressources intérieures et extérieures pour y parvenir.
    • Agir pour que la société civile exige d’avoir accès à des soins de qualité et aux fruits de la recherche-développement.
    • Agir pour que les groupes communautaires encouragent les malades à consulter et à suivre leur traitement jusqu’au bout.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Santé mentale, Statistiques
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Atlas 2011 des céphalées et des ressources dans le monde]
    Despite that headache is felt at some time by nearly everybody, and almost half the world’s adults at any one time have recent personal experience of one or more of the three very common headache disorders, much is unknown about the public-health impact of these conditions. It is not known how, or how much, they affect many of the populations of the world, or how healthcare and other resources are utilized to mitigate their effects.
    This first global enquiry into these matters illuminates the worldwide neglect of this common health problem, and reveals the inadequacies of responses to it in countries throughout the world.
    In the WHO European Region, 80% of adults (aged 18–65) have suffered from tension-type headache, and 15% have experienced migraine over the previous year, according to the “Atlas of headache disorders and resources in the world 2011” by WHO and Lifting the Burden.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique nationale, Maladies, Santé sexuelle
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Français

    Les principaux chiffres du rapport d’activité 2010 :
    Bien que le dépistage au Luxembourg se fait sur une base volontaire, le taux de nouvelles contaminations par le VIH au Luxembourg a tendance à se stabiliser, passant après un pic de 68 cas enregistrés en 2008 à 64 en 2009, puis 62 cas en 2010 (dont 45 hommes et 17 femmes). La lutte contre le sida est étroitement liée à la lutte contre toutes formes de discriminations.
    La principale voie de transmission reste la transmission homosexuelle (29 cas), suivie par la transmission hétérosexuelle (27 cas). La transmission par injection parentérale de drogues illicites arrive en troisième position (moins de 5%). Ce nombre réduit de cas de transmission par injection s’explique par le nombre important de seringues stériles qui ont été distribuées gratuitement au Luxembourg.
    Ce rapport met en évidence deux phénomènes particulièrement inquiétants: d’une part, une flambée des cas de syphilis au Luxembourg et, d’autre part, un diagnostic parfois très tardif de la maladie sur des patients "le plus souvent hétérosexuels" qui "ne se sentent souvent pas concernés" et ne consultent les médecins qu’au moment où ils présentent déjà une complication grave de leur infection. Ce comportement explique également pourquoi le diagnostic est souvent plus tardif chez les personnes hétérosexuelles que les personnes homosexuelles.
    Quant à l’origine géographique des cas dépistés, 43% des cas proviennent de l’Europe de l’ouest, 9% de l’Afrique subsaharienne, 35% de l’Afrique du sud et sud-est.
    À l’heure actuelle, entre 500 et 600 personnes atteintes par le VIH au Luxembourg sont soignées au Centre hospitalier (CHL) de Luxembourg. Le nombre des cas non détectés est évalué à 100, voire, 200 cas. En 2010, 2 personnes sont décédées du sida au Luxembourg.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Comité de Surveillance du SIDA Luxembourg
    • Politique internationale, Maladies
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Plan d’action consolidé pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose multirésistante et ultrarésistante dans la Région européenne de l’OMS 2011-2015]

    The plan has been prepared in consultation with representatives of the 53 countries of the WHO European Region, experts, patients and communities affected by the disease. The plan takes into account new diagnostic techniques, patient-centred models of care and services tailored to special populations. It includes six strategic directions, such as collaboration on more effective drugs, vaccines and testing, and seven areas of intervention, such as improving access to testing and treatment.

    The areas of intervention of this new action plan are aligned with and have the same aim as the Global Plan to Stop TB 2011–2015 [4] and the World Health Assembly resolution [5] on prevention and control of M/XDR-TB: universal access to diagnosis and treatment of M/XDR-TB.

    The targets set by the new action plan, to be achieved by the end of 2015, are:

    • to decrease by 20% the proportion of MDR-TB cases among previously treated patients,
    • to diagnose at least 85% of estimated MDR-TB cases,
    • to treat successfully at least 75% of patients notified as having MDR-TB.

    If fully implemented, the plan is expected, by 2015, to diagnose 225,000 MDR-TB patients within three days of presenting to a healthcare service with TB symptoms, to successfully treat 127,000 MDR-TB patients, and to prevent the emergence of 250,000 new MDR-TB and 13,000 new XDR-TB cases. According to WHO Regional Office for Europe, this would interrupt the transmission of MDR-TB and save 120,000 lives.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Statistiques, Maladies
    • 2011
    • Rapport

    [L'état de la santé des hommes en Europe]
    This report provides a comprehensive overview of the state of men’s health across the 27 Member States of the European Union, the 4 states of the European Free Trade Association (Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Lichtenstein) and the 3 candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). It highlights the broad range of mortality and morbidity data arising from the many different health conditions which affect men in Europe.
    Gender equity is a high priority for the European Commission and this report will help to close the information gap on men’s health.
    The first European men’s health report provides information on various topics such as cancer, alcohol and tobacco. Improving men’s health also has both direct and indirect benefits for women and children.
    This report concentrates on data and information and is available in three documents. If you wish to have a short overview of the situation of men’s health in Europe, a leaflet with the main findings is available in English and French; the report at hand provides you with a more detailed version, while the extended report is available should you be interested in obtaining in-depth information.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015