Publications

22 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Santé mentale, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Soins de santé mentale de longue durée pour les personnes atteintes de graves troubles mentaux]
    The provision of long-term mental health care for people with severe mental disorders has been, and still is, one of the major challenges for mental health systems reform in the last decades, for various reasons.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Maladies, Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer la surcharge pondérale et l'obésité: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    Worldwide the number of children at risk for overweight/obesity has increased dramatically in the last decade, varying between boys and girls, culture and socioeconomic positions.What are the explanations behind the differences in overweight, obesity and eating disorders among adolescent girls and boys? Are policies and programmes aiming at preventing overweight, obesity and eating disorders gender sensitive?

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Plan mondial Halte à la tuberculose, 2011–2015 : Transformer la lutte vers l'élimination de la tuberculose]

    Ce Plan est destiné à ceux qui dans les pays et au niveau mondial souhaitent promouvoir l’investissement dans la lutte antituberculeuse, appelle à agir :

    • Agir pour que tous les pays appliquent l’ensemble des mesures prévues dans le plan et mobilisent suffisamment de ressources intérieures et extérieures pour y parvenir.
    • Agir pour que la société civile exige d’avoir accès à des soins de qualité et aux fruits de la recherche-développement.
    • Agir pour que les groupes communautaires encouragent les malades à consulter et à suivre leur traitement jusqu’au bout.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de promouvoir le bien-être: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    Social and emotional health among adolescent girls and boys – what do we know? What are the explanations behind the differences among adolescent girls and boys? The publication includes two parts. The first part is a summary table of effective interventions and good practices for promoting well-being. The second part explains the impact of gender norms, values and discrimination on the health of adolescents relevant to promoting well-being.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Santé sexuelle, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer le VIH / SIDA et les MST: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    Negative outcomes of early pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV/AIDS, threaten the health of people in the second decade of life more than any other age group. What are the explanations behind the differences in STIs and HIV/AIDS among adolescent girls and boys? Are existing policies and programmes that address risk for STIs and HIV/AIDS gender sensitive?

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Santé mentale, Statistiques
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Atlas de la santé mentale 2011]
    The WHO Mental Health Atlas 2011 represents the latest estimate of global mental health resources available to prevent and treat mental disorders and help protect the human rights of people living with these conditions.

    It presents data from 184 WHO Member States, covering 98% of the world’s population. Facts and figures presented in Atlas indicate that resources for mental health remain inadequate.

    The distribution of resources across regions and income groups is substantially uneven and in many countries resources are extremely scarce. Results from Atlas reinforce the urgent need to scale up resources and care for mental health within countries.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Maladies
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Plan d’action consolidé pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose multirésistante et ultrarésistante dans la Région européenne de l’OMS 2011-2015]

    The plan has been prepared in consultation with representatives of the 53 countries of the WHO European Region, experts, patients and communities affected by the disease. The plan takes into account new diagnostic techniques, patient-centred models of care and services tailored to special populations. It includes six strategic directions, such as collaboration on more effective drugs, vaccines and testing, and seven areas of intervention, such as improving access to testing and treatment.

    The areas of intervention of this new action plan are aligned with and have the same aim as the Global Plan to Stop TB 2011–2015 [4] and the World Health Assembly resolution [5] on prevention and control of M/XDR-TB: universal access to diagnosis and treatment of M/XDR-TB.

    The targets set by the new action plan, to be achieved by the end of 2015, are:

    • to decrease by 20% the proportion of MDR-TB cases among previously treated patients,
    • to diagnose at least 85% of estimated MDR-TB cases,
    • to treat successfully at least 75% of patients notified as having MDR-TB.

    If fully implemented, the plan is expected, by 2015, to diagnose 225,000 MDR-TB patients within three days of presenting to a healthcare service with TB symptoms, to successfully treat 127,000 MDR-TB patients, and to prevent the emergence of 250,000 new MDR-TB and 13,000 new XDR-TB cases. According to WHO Regional Office for Europe, this would interrupt the transmission of MDR-TB and save 120,000 lives.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer les conditions chroniques: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication gives an overview of effective interventions and good practices in preventing and managing chronic conditions. On the basis of existing evidence it looks at why is it important to look at gender as a determinant of adolescence health, what are the main differences between girls and boys in exposure to risk, norms and values and access to services, and what are the different responses from the health sector and the community.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Maladies
    • 2011
    • Plan d'action EU
    • Français, Allemand, Anglais

    L’investissement dans la prévention des maladies non transmissibles et dans des interventions de lutte plus efficace contre celles-ci permettra de réduire la mortalité prématurée ainsi que la morbidité et l’invalidité évitables, tout en améliorant la qualité de vie et le bien-être des individus et des sociétés. Pas moins de 86 % des décès et de 77 % de la charge de morbidité dans la Région européenne de l’OMS sont causés par ce grand groupe de maladies, dont la répartition épidémiologique témoigne d’importantes inégalités suivant un gradient social, et qui sont en outre liées par des facteurs de risque communs, des déterminants fondamentaux et des possibilités d’intervention.

    Le présent document présente un plan d’action pour la mise en oeuvre de la Stratégie européenne contre les maladies non transmissibles (prévention et lutte). À la lumière des engagements actuellement pris par les États membres, il se concentre sur les interventions et les domaines d’action prioritaires pour les cinq prochaines années (2012-2016) dans un cadre global et intégré.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015