Publications

4 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Maladies, Alimentation, Activité physique
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Alimentation, activité physique et prévention des maladies cardiovasculaires en Europe]
    In May 2002 The European Heart Network published “Food, Nutrition and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in the European Union: Challenges for the New Millenium” There have been important changes in the landscape in relation to diet, physical activity and cardiovascular disease since 2002.
    This new report reviews the latest evidence on the relationship between cardiovascular health and what we eat or how active we are. It also takes a close look at current European eating and physical activity patterns and proposed a series of policy actions.
    Two sets of population goals
    We propose two sets of population goals for European countries to work towards in the medium and long term. The intermediate targets are set at a level which governments could realistically aim for within the next five to ten years. The second, more ambitious goals highlight diet and activity levels to aim towards in the longer term.
    These goals are not dietary guidelines for individuals. They represent a recommended average intake or level for the population as a whole, and are provided as a tool for policy makers to use in settings and monitoring strategy. The goals need to be translated into meaningful food-based dietary guidelines at the country level, taking local eating habits, activity patterns and cultural factors into account.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Heart Network (EHN)
    • Maladies, Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer la surcharge pondérale et l'obésité: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    Worldwide the number of children at risk for overweight/obesity has increased dramatically in the last decade, varying between boys and girls, culture and socioeconomic positions.What are the explanations behind the differences in overweight, obesity and eating disorders among adolescent girls and boys? Are policies and programmes aiming at preventing overweight, obesity and eating disorders gender sensitive?

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Médicaments, Alimentation
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [La lutte contre la résistance aux antibiotiques sous l'angle de la sécurité sanitaire des aliments en Europe]
    Antibiotics have revolutionized the treatment of infectious diseases.But their use and misuse have resulted in the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. This is now a significant health problem: each year in the European Union alone, over 25 000 people die from infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotic resistance is also a food safety problem: antibiotic use in food animals –for treatment, disease prevention or growth promotion – allows resistant bacteria and resistance genes to spread from food animals to humans through the food-chain.
    This publication explores the options for prevention and containment of antibiotic resistance in the food-chain through national coordination and international cooperation, including the regulation and reduction of antibiotic use in food animals, training and capacity building, surveillance of resistance trends and antibiotic usage, promotion of knowledge and research, and advocacy and communication to raise awareness of the issues.
    This publication is primarily intended for policy-makers and authorities working in the public health, agriculture, food production and veterinary sectors, and offers them ways to take a holistic, intersectoral, multifaceted approach to this growing problem.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015