Publications

10 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Recommandations en matière de bonnes pratiques pour la préparation contre les pandémies émises à la suite d’une évaluation des interventions de lutte contre la grippe pandémique H1N1 2009]
    To evaluate the pandemic planning activities (PPA) undertaken before March 2009 in relation to the subsequent response to pandemic (H1N1) 2009, WHO/Europe randomly selected seven Member States in the European Region to participate in a detailed and systematic qualitative study. WHO teams visited each country and interviewed representatives from health and civil response ministries, national public health authorities, regional authorities, general practitioners and hospital physicians. Forty-nine group interviews were conducted, using an open-ended, questionnaire-based approach with contributions from more than 200 people, resulting in 90 hours of recorded material that was subsequently transcribed and subjected to detailed content analysis. From these data, WHO/Europe was able to determine six major themes essential to successful PPA and to conclude that PPA were successfully undertaken in the WHO European Region before the 2009 pandemic. At a workshop in Copenhagen, representatives of the participating countries discussed these findings and identified good practices for pandemic preparedness and planning.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Santé sexuelle
    • 2010
    • Carte
    • Français, Anglais

    Cette carte postale fait partie de la campagne sensibilisation : « Style doesn’t matter, protection does ! » rappelant la nécessite de protection contre le virus HIV.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Ministère de la Santé - Direction de la santé Aidsberodung - Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise (SIDA)
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Ouvrage
    • Anglais

    [Lignes directrices pour le dépistage du VIH, l'hépatite virale et d'autres infections chez les usagers de drogues]

    A manual for provider-initiated medical examination, testing and counselling.
    Infectious diseases are among the most serious health consequences of injecting drug use and can lead to significant healthcare costs. Injecting drug users are vulnerable to a range of infectious and communicable diseases through a variety of risk behaviours, and because of underlying
    conditions such as poor hygiene, homelessness and poverty.
    There is a recognised need for guidance on providing IDUs with a medical examination and testing for HIV, viral hepatitis and several other infections on a regular basis. In addition, improving testing uptake in this group would benefit epidemiological surveillance and monitoring as carried out at the national and international level.
    These guidelines are accompanied by a recommended package of prevention and primary care in relation to injecting drug users and infections. Treatment and other specialist care are not discussed in detail but are dealt with by indicating referral to appropriate services.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
    • Maladies, Statistiques
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [La pandémie de grippe A(H1N1) en Europe en 2009: Leçons de l'expérience]
    Ce rapport vise à fournir un large aperçu de l'épidémiologie et la virologie de la pandémie de 2009 dans l'Union européenne et les pays de l'espace économique européen. Les principales tendances et les informations sont tirées de l'analyse et l'interprétation des analyses épidémiologiques et virologiques de données et autres services fournis au Centre européen de prévention et de contrôle du système européen de surveillance par le réseau European Influenza Surveillance.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC)
    • Maladies, Santé sexuelle
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Français, Anglais

    Ce nouveau rapport publié conjointement par l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’Enfance (UNICEF) et le Programme commun des Nations Unies sur le VIH/sida (ONUSIDA), présente les progrès réalisés au cours de l'année écoulée.
    Il fait état également du chemin qu'il reste à parcourir car, contrairement aux objectifs fixés, l’accès universel à la prévention, au traitement et à la prise en charge de l’infection à VIH ne seront pas atteints en 2010.
    Il s'agit de la quatrième édition d'une série de rapports annuels publiés depuis 2006 en collaboration avec les autres partenaires de la lutte contre le VIH/sida.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Système de santé
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Comment les systèmes de santé peuvent lutter contre les inégalités en ce qui concerne les problèmes prioritaires de santé publique : l’exemple de la tuberculose]
    A knowledge network supporting the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health identified 13 priority public health conditions that: lead to a heavy burden of disease, vary widely among and within populations, disproportionately affect certain groups and are prone to epidemics. This booklet uses one of these conditions, tuberculosis (TB) as an example, to show:
    – how social determinants cause inequities in exposure to, outcomes of and consequences of TB; and
    – how action on these determinants – the “causes of causes” – will reduce inequities and therefore the harm done by TB and other priority public health conditions.

    The booklet describes TB in the WHO European Region and how social determinants lead to differences in exposure to up-, mid- and downstream risk factors; vulnerability; health outcomes and consequences. It spells out the implications of these facts for policy: the need for universal social protection systems (using targeting only for populations that fall through the cracks); better primary health care, TB care and other services; intersectoral action for health; and social empowerment and respectful treatment. The booklet concludes by calling for research to increase the evidence base on the causal pathways of the social determinants of TB in Europe and on effective strategies and programmes.
    Commissioned by WHO/Europe as part of the WHO/European Commission joint project on equity in health, this is the first of six briefings on policy issues. The project focuses on improving health intelligence and building policy-makers and practitioners’ know-how and capacity to tackle socially determined health inequities as part of health system performance.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies
    • 2010
    • Ouvrage
    • Anglais

    [Directives pour l’intensification du dépistage de la tuberculose et l’administration du traitement préventif à l’isoniazide chez les personnes vivant avec le VIH dans un contexte de ressources limitées]
    The guidelines show how people with HIV can be protected from tuberculosis with regular, low-cost preventive medication. The guidelines present a set of recommendations that will help reduce TB disease in people living with HIV, their families and communities through a combination of screening for TB and provision of IPT. Target audience: health-care workers providing care for people living with HIV, policy-makers and health programme managers working in the field of HIV /AIDS and TB.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Lutte contre les maladies chroniques en Europe : stratégies, interventions et défis]
    Chronic conditions and diseases are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in Europe, accounting for 86% of total premature deaths, and research suggests that complex conditions such as diabetes and depression will impose an even greater health burden in the future – and not only for the rich and elderly in high-income countries, but increasingly for the poor as well as low- and middle-income countries. The epidemiologic and economic analyses in the first part of the book suggest that policy-makers should make chronic disease a priority. This book highlights the issues and focuses on the strategies and interventions that policy-makers have at their disposal to tackle this increasing challenge.
    Strategies discussed in the second part of this volume include (1) prevention and early detection, (2) new provider qualifications (e.g. nurse practitioners) and settings, (3) disease management programmes and (4) integrated care models. But choosing the right strategies will be difficult, particularly given the limited evidence on effectiveness and cost−effectiveness.
    In the third part, the book therefore outlines and discusses institutional and organizational challenges for policy-makers and managers: (1) stimulating the development of new effective pharmaceuticals and medical devices, (2) designing appropriate financial incentives, (3) improving coordination, (4) using information and communication technology, and (5) ensuring evaluation. To tackle these challenges successfully, key policy recommendations are made.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies
    • Maladies, Alimentation
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Français, Anglais

    L’obésité est passée au premier plan des politiques de santé publique dans le monde. Avant 1980, nettement moins de 10 % de la population étaient concernés. Depuis, la proportion a doublé ou triplé dans beaucoup de pays et, dans près de la moitié de la zone OCDE, 50 % ou plus des habitants sont en surpoids. Grave facteur de risque pour toute une série de maladies chroniques, l’obésité est devenue un problème majeur de santé publique.

    On croit généralement que l’épidémie d’obésité a des explications simples et que des solutions devraient pouvoir y être apportées sous peu. Or, un examen détaillé des données fait apparaître une situation plus complexe, dans laquelle il est même difficile de trouver des informations objectives sur le phénomène. Autorités, professionnels de la santé et chercheurs, font face au défi de comprendre l’épidémie et d’élaborer une stratégie efficace pour la combattre.

    Cet ouvrage contribue, par l’étude de multiples aspects du problème de l’obésité, à la mise au point de politiques scientifiquement fondées. Il examine l’étendue et les caractéristiques de l’épidémie, les rôles et influences respectifs des forces du marché et des pouvoirs publics, et l’impact des interventions. Une approche économique de la prévention des maladies chroniques est décrite, qui ouvre de nouvelles pistes par rapport à une approche plus traditionnelle de la santé publique.

    Lien vers une version PDF consultable de l'ouvrage en anglais: http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/obesity-and-the-economics-of-prevention_9789264084865-en

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques (OCDE)
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Ouvrage
    • Anglais

    [Lignes directrices européennes pour l'assurance de la qualité dans le dépistage du cancer colorectal]

    The guidelines on colorectal cancer screening form the third and final set of three cancer screening guidelines on breast and cervical cancer published by the Commission to assist Member States in their screening and early detection programmes.

    Today’s publication provides the first ever set of uniform guidelines on all the steps necessary for effective population based colorectal cancer screening in the EU. By implementing them, Member States have the potential to organise their health systems more effectively, including the diagnosis and management of cancers detected in screening. There is good evidence that population-based screening using the EU-recommended test reduces mortality from colorectal cancer by around 15% in people of appropriate age (50 to 74 years) invited to attend screening.

    The guidelines, coordinated for the Commission by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), were developed with the input of over 90 experts from 32 countries, and set a benchmark for best practice in colorectal cancer screening. Widespread application of the Guidelines should also make it easier for experts in the field to exchange information and experience across the EU. This is essential for innovation and continuous quality improvement of existing cancer screening programmes.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Publications Office of the European Union
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015