5 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Petite enfance, Politique internationale, Grossesse et maternité
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Né trop tôt: le rapport d'action mondial sur les naissances prématurées]
    Born too soon: the global action report on preterm birth provides the first-ever national, regional and global estimates of preterm birth. The report shows the extent to which preterm birth is on the rise in most countries, and is now the second leading cause of death globally for children under five, after pneumonia.
    Addressing preterm birth is now an urgent priority for reaching Millennium Development Goal 4, calling for the reduction of child deaths by two-thirds by 2015. This report shows that rapid change is possible and identifies priority actions for everyone.
    This inspiring report is a joint effort of almost 50 international, regional and national organizations, led by the March of Dimes, The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, Save the Children and the World Health Organization in support of the Every Woman Every Child effort, led by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
    Born too soon proposes actions for policy, programs and research by all partners – from governments to NGOs to the business community -- that if acted upon, will substantially reduce the toll of preterm birth, especially in high-burden countries.
    The report contains a foreword by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and is accompanied by more than 30 new and expanded commitments to prevention and care of preterm birth, joining more than 200 existing commitments on the Every Woman Every Child web site.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2003
    • Rapport
    • Allemand, Anglais, Français

    L’OMS et l’UNICEF ont élaboré conjointement la stratégie mondiale pour l’alimentation du nourrisson et du jeune enfant afin de rappeler au monde les effets des pratiques d’alimentation sur l’état nutritionnel, la croissance et le développement, la santé et, ainsi, la survie même du nourrisson et du jeune enfant.

    La Stratégie est un cadre directeur par lequel l’OMS fixe les priorités de la recherche et du développement dans le domaine de l’alimentation du nourrisson et du jeune enfant et apporte une assistance technique aux pays pour faciliter son application.

    Cette stratégie est conçue comme un guide pratique : elle identifie les interventions qui ont fait leurs preuves, elle insiste sur le soutien dont les mères et les familles doivent bénéficier pour remplir leur rôle crucial, et elle définit formellement les obligations et les responsabilités à cet égard des gouvernements, des organisations internationales et des autres parties concernées.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Politique internationale, Petite enfance, Statistiques
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Bien démarrer une vie saine: Niveler le gradient de santé chez les enfants, les jeunes et les familles dans l'Union européenne - Ce qui fonctionne]
    In all EU countries there is a systematic correlation between level of health and social status – a step-wise decrease in health that comes with decreasing social position. This correlation exists amongst children and young people as well as amongst adults. These social gradients in health are harmful and unjust, particularly when it comes to children and young people, since adversity during the early years negatively impacts on health across the life-course.
    This book aims to improve knowledge on what can be done to level-up gradients in health. It is based on research undertaken during GRADIENT, a project funded under the EU Seventh Framework Programme.
    On the basis of concrete examples and national comparisons, it identifies measures that can be taken to level socio-economic gradients in health. It looks at:
    Political and welfare-state factors
    How universal policies on social protection, education and health systems can contribute to reducing gradients in health
    Why social community capital matters
    The importance of monitoring the distributional effects of all policies
    The Gradient Evaluation Framework
    The role of the EU in tackling social gradients in health
    The book provides final recommendations for policy makers and practitioners to ensure that all children and young people in the EU get the right start to a healthy life.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: EuroHealthNet
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015