Publications

10 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Enfance et adolescence, Petite enfance, Accidents et blessures
    • 2008
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur la prévention des traumatismes chez l’enfant]
    Injuries are a leading cause of death and disability in children. This report presents evidence on how they can be prevented, and calls for greater commitment and action from policy-makers and practitioners to decrease the burden of injuries. Every year, nearly 42 000 children and teenagers aged 0–19 years die from unintentional injuries in the European Region, where injuries are the leading cause of death in children aged 5–19; 5 out of 6 of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Irrespective of country income, the burden falls disproportionately on children from the most disadvantaged groups. The leading mechanisms of unintentional injury death in children are road traffic crashes, drowning, poisoning, thermal injuries and falls. Whatever the mechanism, the main causes of injury and their underlying socioeconomic and environmental determinants are similar. Children are particularly vulnerable to injuries, and need special consideration to safeguard their right to health and to a safe environment, free from injury. The evidence base for prevention programmes is presented in this report. Health systems and in particular child health programmes throughout the European Region should prioritize child injury prevention and control.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Politique internationale, Grossesse et maternité
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Né trop tôt: le rapport d'action mondial sur les naissances prématurées]
    Born too soon: the global action report on preterm birth provides the first-ever national, regional and global estimates of preterm birth. The report shows the extent to which preterm birth is on the rise in most countries, and is now the second leading cause of death globally for children under five, after pneumonia.
    Addressing preterm birth is now an urgent priority for reaching Millennium Development Goal 4, calling for the reduction of child deaths by two-thirds by 2015. This report shows that rapid change is possible and identifies priority actions for everyone.
    This inspiring report is a joint effort of almost 50 international, regional and national organizations, led by the March of Dimes, The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, Save the Children and the World Health Organization in support of the Every Woman Every Child effort, led by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
    Born too soon proposes actions for policy, programs and research by all partners – from governments to NGOs to the business community -- that if acted upon, will substantially reduce the toll of preterm birth, especially in high-burden countries.
    The report contains a foreword by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and is accompanied by more than 30 new and expanded commitments to prevention and care of preterm birth, joining more than 200 existing commitments on the Every Woman Every Child web site.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Grossesse et maternité, Petite enfance, Statistiques
    • 2008
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur la santé périnatale: de meilleures statistiques pour une meilleure santé pour les femmes enceintes et leurs bébés]

    This report presents the EURO-PERISTAT perinatal health indicators from 25 participating EU member states and Norway as well as data from three other European projects on perinatal health (SCPE, EUROCAT, and EURONEOSTAT). It is organised into two parts. The first is a narrative section, in which the EURO-PERISTAT indicators are described along with summary tables and graphs. The contributions of the three other projects are included here.

    The second section consists of complete data tables on the EURO-PERISTAT indicators. The order of countries in this report follows guidelines established by the European Union. Countries are listed alphabetically following their official names in their own languages.

    The EURO-PERISTAT indicators are presented by theme in the narrative section of this report:

    • Characteristics of the childbearing population
    • Health services
    • Maternal health
    • Fetal and neonatal health.
    • Within each chapter, core indicators are presented before recommended indicators.
    • In the data tables (Appendix B) all core indicators are presented first, followed by recommended indicators.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Euro-Peristat
    • Petite enfance, Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2003
    • Rapport
    • Allemand, Anglais, Français

    L’OMS et l’UNICEF ont élaboré conjointement la stratégie mondiale pour l’alimentation du nourrisson et du jeune enfant afin de rappeler au monde les effets des pratiques d’alimentation sur l’état nutritionnel, la croissance et le développement, la santé et, ainsi, la survie même du nourrisson et du jeune enfant.

    La Stratégie est un cadre directeur par lequel l’OMS fixe les priorités de la recherche et du développement dans le domaine de l’alimentation du nourrisson et du jeune enfant et apporte une assistance technique aux pays pour faciliter son application.

    Cette stratégie est conçue comme un guide pratique : elle identifie les interventions qui ont fait leurs preuves, elle insiste sur le soutien dont les mères et les familles doivent bénéficier pour remplir leur rôle crucial, et elle définit formellement les obligations et les responsabilités à cet égard des gouvernements, des organisations internationales et des autres parties concernées.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Petite enfance, Statistiques
    • 2014
    • Rapport
    • Français, Anglais

    Réimaginer l’avenir : l’innovation pour chaque enfant
    Dans le cadre du 25e anniversaire de la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant, cette édition de La Situation des enfants dans le monde appelle à une réflexion originale et audacieuse pour résoudre les problèmes séculaires qui affectent encore les enfants les plus défavorisés du monde. Le rapport s’inspire du travail d’innovateurs du monde entier – ceux et celles qui repoussent les limites du possible et mettent au point des solutions à ces problèmes locaux qui sont le reflet de questions urgentes à l’échelle mondiale – pour avancer vers un avenir où tous les enfants jouiront de leurs droits.
    Le rapport numérique est une compilation d’histoires et de vidéos reposant sur la participation interactive de nombreuses personnes. Il comprend une plateforme interactive qui permet de placer sur une carte les innovations apparues dans le monde entier et il invite les lecteurs à placer leurs propres idées sur la carte. Il est disponible à sur le site de L'UNICEF.
    Le Résumé offre une vue générale du rapport en ligne ainsi que le contexte de l’appel lancé par l’UNICEF pour que l’on innove pour l’équité. Il présente également les principales statistiques sur la survie, le développement et la protection de l’enfant dans les pays, zones et régions du monde entier.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Unicef
    • Politique internationale, Petite enfance, Statistiques
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Bien démarrer une vie saine: Niveler le gradient de santé chez les enfants, les jeunes et les familles dans l'Union européenne - Ce qui fonctionne]
    In all EU countries there is a systematic correlation between level of health and social status – a step-wise decrease in health that comes with decreasing social position. This correlation exists amongst children and young people as well as amongst adults. These social gradients in health are harmful and unjust, particularly when it comes to children and young people, since adversity during the early years negatively impacts on health across the life-course.
    This book aims to improve knowledge on what can be done to level-up gradients in health. It is based on research undertaken during GRADIENT, a project funded under the EU Seventh Framework Programme.
    On the basis of concrete examples and national comparisons, it identifies measures that can be taken to level socio-economic gradients in health. It looks at:
    Political and welfare-state factors
    How universal policies on social protection, education and health systems can contribute to reducing gradients in health
    Why social community capital matters
    The importance of monitoring the distributional effects of all policies
    The Gradient Evaluation Framework
    The role of the EU in tackling social gradients in health
    The book provides final recommendations for policy makers and practitioners to ensure that all children and young people in the EU get the right start to a healthy life.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: EuroHealthNet
    • Accidents et blessures, Enfance et adolescence, Petite enfance, Statistiques
    • 2008
    • Rapport
    • Anglais, Français

    Chaque jour,plus de 2000 enfants et adolescents meurent d'une blessure qui aurait pu être évitée. Grâce au présent rapport, l'organisation mondiale de la Santé et le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’Enfance et de nombreux partenaires se sont attachés à faire de la prévention des traumatismes chez l’enfant une priorité pour les responsables de la santé publique et du développement dans le monde. Le rapport présente les connaissances actuelles surles cinq plus importantes causes de blessures non intentionnelles - accidents de la route, noyades,brûlures,chutes et les empoisonnements - et fait sept recommandations pour pouvoir agir.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Statistiques, Grossesse et maternité
    • 2013
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur la santé périnatal : La santé et les soins des femmes enceintes et des bébés en Europe en 2010]
    The Health and Care of Pregnant Women and Babies in Europe in 2010 released by the Euro-Peristat project is the most comprehensive report on the health and care of pregnant women and babies in Europe. The 250-page report brings together data from 26 European Union member states, plus Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. The first Euro-Peristat report, with data for 2004, was published in 2008. It found wide differences between the countries of Europe in indicators of perinatal health and care. This second report provides the opportunity to see whether gains in positive health outcomes have been achieved and whether inequalities between the countries of Europe have narrowed.
    Euro-Peristat takes a new approach to health reporting. Instead of comparing countries on single indicators like infant mortality using a ‘league table’ approach, our report paints a fuller picture by presenting data about mortality, low birthweight and preterm birth alongside data about health care and maternal characteristics that can affect the outcome of pregnancy. It also illustrates differences in the ways that data are collected, and explains how these can affect comparisons between countries.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Euro-Peristat
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015