Publications

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    • Maladies, Santé sexuelle, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • rapport
    • Anglais, Français

    La stratégie mondiale OMS du secteur de la santé sur le VIH 2011-2015 oriente la riposte du secteur de la santé aux épidémies provoquées par le virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH) afin d’instaurer un accès universel aux services de prévention, de diagnostic, de traitement, de soins et de soutien concernant le VIH.

    Elle réaffirme les buts et les cibles mondiaux de la riposte du secteur de la santé au VIH.

    Elle définit quatre orientations stratégiques susceptibles de guider les ripostes des pays.

    Elle précise les actions nationales et les contributions de l’OMS recommandées pour chaque orientation stratégique.

    Elle a pour objet de promouvoir une riposte à long terme et durable au VIH par le renforcement des systèmes d’action sanitaire et communautaire, l’étude des déterminants sociaux de la santé qui alimentent l’épidémie et entravent les mesures prises pour la combattre, et par la protection et la promotion des droits humains et de l’égalité des sexes considérés comme des éléments essentiels de la riposte du secteur de la santé.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Feuille de route pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose pharmacorésistante. Plan d’action consolidé pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose multirésistante et ultrarésistante dans la Région européenne de l’OMS 2011-2015]
    This publication presents a roadmap to scale up a comprehensive response to the alarming problem of drug-resistant tuberculosis in the WHO European Region. Designed to prevent and control both multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (M/XDR-TB) in the Region, the Consolidated Action Plan has six cross-cutting strategic directions and seven areas of intervention. Aligned with the Global Plan to Stop TB, implementation of the Action Plan will save 120 000 lives and billions of US$. The roadmap includes a monitoring and evaluation framework, analysis of the costs and benefits of implementation, and summaries of the situation in the 15 countries in the Region with a high burden of MDR-TB.
    This publication is aimed primarily at those responsible for TB control in the Region, including ministries of health and other government bodies responsible for health in penitentiary services, health financing, health education and social services. It should also help intensify the involvement of civil society and communities affected by the disease, professional societies, partners and donors, national and international technical agencies and all stakeholders engaged in TB control in the Region.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Maladies, Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2011
    • rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer la surcharge pondérale et l'obésité: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    Worldwide the number of children at risk for overweight/obesity has increased dramatically in the last decade, varying between boys and girls, culture and socioeconomic positions.What are the explanations behind the differences in overweight, obesity and eating disorders among adolescent girls and boys? Are policies and programmes aiming at preventing overweight, obesity and eating disorders gender sensitive?

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Plan mondial Halte à la tuberculose, 2011–2015 : Transformer la lutte vers l'élimination de la tuberculose]

    Ce Plan est destiné à ceux qui dans les pays et au niveau mondial souhaitent promouvoir l’investissement dans la lutte antituberculeuse, appelle à agir :

    • Agir pour que tous les pays appliquent l’ensemble des mesures prévues dans le plan et mobilisent suffisamment de ressources intérieures et extérieures pour y parvenir.
    • Agir pour que la société civile exige d’avoir accès à des soins de qualité et aux fruits de la recherche-développement.
    • Agir pour que les groupes communautaires encouragent les malades à consulter et à suivre leur traitement jusqu’au bout.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Maladies
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Plan d’action consolidé pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose multirésistante et ultrarésistante dans la Région européenne de l’OMS 2011-2015]

    The plan has been prepared in consultation with representatives of the 53 countries of the WHO European Region, experts, patients and communities affected by the disease. The plan takes into account new diagnostic techniques, patient-centred models of care and services tailored to special populations. It includes six strategic directions, such as collaboration on more effective drugs, vaccines and testing, and seven areas of intervention, such as improving access to testing and treatment.

    The areas of intervention of this new action plan are aligned with and have the same aim as the Global Plan to Stop TB 2011–2015 [4] and the World Health Assembly resolution [5] on prevention and control of M/XDR-TB: universal access to diagnosis and treatment of M/XDR-TB.

    The targets set by the new action plan, to be achieved by the end of 2015, are:

    • to decrease by 20% the proportion of MDR-TB cases among previously treated patients,
    • to diagnose at least 85% of estimated MDR-TB cases,
    • to treat successfully at least 75% of patients notified as having MDR-TB.

    If fully implemented, the plan is expected, by 2015, to diagnose 225,000 MDR-TB patients within three days of presenting to a healthcare service with TB symptoms, to successfully treat 127,000 MDR-TB patients, and to prevent the emergence of 250,000 new MDR-TB and 13,000 new XDR-TB cases. According to WHO Regional Office for Europe, this would interrupt the transmission of MDR-TB and save 120,000 lives.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015