Publications

19 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir la violence: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication summarizes current data on what is effective in preventing and managing violence, showing effective interventions and good practices through a distinct gender perspective. Through a review of the existing evidence, it looks at why is it important to look at gender as a determinant of adolescence health, what are the main differences between girls and boys in exposure to risk, norms and values and access to services, and what are the different responses from the health sector and the community.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Grossesse et maternité
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer la grossesse d'adolescente: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication summarizes current knowledge on what works in preventing and managing adolescent pregnancy. It gives examples of effective interventions and good practices and explains the impact of gender norms, values and discrimination on the health of adolescents relevant the prevention and management of adolescent pregnancy, giving readers a deeper understanding of the gender dimension of actions listed.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Santé mentale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de promouvoir la santé mentale: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication gives a summary of effective interventions and good practices in promoting mental health and managing mental health problems. It also explains the impact of gender norms, values and discrimination on the health of adolescents relevant to mental health. Through a review of the existing evidence, it looks at why is it important to look at gender as a determinant of adolescent’s health, what are the main differences between girls and boys in exposure to risk, norms and values and access to services, and what are the different responses from the health sector and the community.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Santé sexuelle, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais, Français

    La stratégie mondiale OMS du secteur de la santé sur le VIH 2011-2015 oriente la riposte du secteur de la santé aux épidémies provoquées par le virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH) afin d’instaurer un accès universel aux services de prévention, de diagnostic, de traitement, de soins et de soutien concernant le VIH.

    Elle réaffirme les buts et les cibles mondiaux de la riposte du secteur de la santé au VIH.

    Elle définit quatre orientations stratégiques susceptibles de guider les ripostes des pays.

    Elle précise les actions nationales et les contributions de l’OMS recommandées pour chaque orientation stratégique.

    Elle a pour objet de promouvoir une riposte à long terme et durable au VIH par le renforcement des systèmes d’action sanitaire et communautaire, l’étude des déterminants sociaux de la santé qui alimentent l’épidémie et entravent les mesures prises pour la combattre, et par la protection et la promotion des droits humains et de l’égalité des sexes considérés comme des éléments essentiels de la riposte du secteur de la santé.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Seniors, Politique internationale, Système de santé
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Français, Anglais

    Le contenu de la version française est consultable gratuitement sur le site de l'OCDE.

    Au moment où l’espérance de vie approche des 80 ans pour les hommes et dépasse nettement cet âge pour les femmes, la population est de plus en plus nombreuse à vouloir vivre pleinement aussi longtemps que possible. Comment l’évolution démographique et les tendances du marché du travail vont-elles peser sur l’offre des proches, de l'entourage, et des travailleurs susceptibles d’assumer une prise en charge ? Pouvons-nous compter sur les seuls aidants familiaux pour soutenir les seniors dépendants ? Faut-il mieux épauler les aidants familiaux, et de quelle manière ? Sommes-nous en mesure d'attirer et de fidéliser la main-d'oeuvre nécessaire, et s'agit-il seulement de mieux la rétribuer ? Les finances publiques seront-elles menacées par le coût de la prise en charge future de la dépendance ? Quel équilibre doit-on rechercher entre implication privée et soutien public de cette prise en charge de longue durée ? Une meilleure efficience des services afférents peut-elle abaisser les coûts ?

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques (OCDE)
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Feuille de route pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose pharmacorésistante. Plan d’action consolidé pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose multirésistante et ultrarésistante dans la Région européenne de l’OMS 2011-2015]
    This publication presents a roadmap to scale up a comprehensive response to the alarming problem of drug-resistant tuberculosis in the WHO European Region. Designed to prevent and control both multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (M/XDR-TB) in the Region, the Consolidated Action Plan has six cross-cutting strategic directions and seven areas of intervention. Aligned with the Global Plan to Stop TB, implementation of the Action Plan will save 120 000 lives and billions of US$. The roadmap includes a monitoring and evaluation framework, analysis of the costs and benefits of implementation, and summaries of the situation in the 15 countries in the Region with a high burden of MDR-TB.
    This publication is aimed primarily at those responsible for TB control in the Region, including ministries of health and other government bodies responsible for health in penitentiary services, health financing, health education and social services. It should also help intensify the involvement of civil society and communities affected by the disease, professional societies, partners and donors, national and international technical agencies and all stakeholders engaged in TB control in the Region.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Système de santé
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Soins de santé transfrontaliers dans l'UE - Comment choisir le meilleur hopital? Une étude sur les portails d'information hospitalière dans 5 pays europééens]
    It seems as if the movement for cross-border healthcare in EU – eventually - will open
    borders and – reluctantly - deliver information to support informed choice among patients and consumers.
    Here the care consumer can become a powerful player – when aware of the performance gaps in healthcare and if ready to act to get the best out of the stressed industry called healthcare. In this study we have portrayed five EU countries looking for major Internet portals of hospital information. In Europe these portals are the state of the art, most likely to be followed by many more as the healthcare integration of the EU advances.
    Benchmarking of hospitals and doctors is a matter that engages care consumers. When the Health Consumer Powerhouse for this report asked patient groups to give us their view of this kind of information systems we got massive response around Europe. More than 1 000 answers – all time high for a Patient View survey– indicate that people take an interest but still do not really know how to use these tools and how to interpret the answers.
    But still there is a long way to go, as not even these top notch portals, built for years with a lot of money, seem to deliver what consumers and Internet visitors really look for. The new EU cross-border care directive steps up the information requirements. The implementation of the new Directive will mean everything: empowerment to patients, assisted by dedicated governments and engaged partnerships - or disillusion and fragmentation, as today´s opaque situation mostly remains, satisfying reluctant bureaucracies?

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Health Consumer Powerhouse
    • Politique internationale, Système de santé
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Les soins de santé transfrontaliers dans l’Union européenne. Inventaire et analyse des pratiques et des politiques]
    Série des études de l'Observatoire, n° 22.
    Cross-border health care is a growing phenomenon in the European Union. When in need of medical treatment, patients increasingly act as informed consumers who claim the right to choose their own providers, including those beyond borders. They are supported and encouraged by factors such as the Internet and more internationally trained health professionals, and often motivated by dissatisfaction with health care provision in their home country. Some authorities and health insurers even contract with health care providers abroad or inform patients of such options.

    Cross-border health care also encompasses doctors and nurses, who train and work abroad and increasingly cooperate with colleagues abroad. In some cases, health services themselves cross borders – through telemedicine – or providers collaborate with financing institutions in other countries.

    This book explores these trends, looks at the legal framework and examines the legal uncertainties surrounding rights, access, reimbursement, quality and safety. It examines different approaches to these concerns and the methodologies to use to ease or resolve them. The information and analysis presented mark an important step in the continuing debate on a legal framework for cross-border health care and will be of considerable use to policy-makers and those with an interest in key aspects of cross-border health care.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Système de santé, Droits du patient, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Brochure
    • Français, Allemand, Anglais

    L’UE s’est dotée de règles communes visant à protéger les droits de ses citoyens à la sécurité sociale quand ils se déplacent au sein de l’Union. Ces règles ne remplacent pas les systèmes sociaux nationaux par un système européen: chaque pays de l’Union européenne fixe les conditions dans lesquelles les prestations de sécurité sociale sont accordées, ainsi que le montant de ces prestations et la durée pendant laquelle ils sont accordés. Toutefois, ce faisant, chaque pays doit se conformer au droit de l’UE, notamment au règlement (CE) n° 883/2004 sur la coordination des systèmes de sécurité sociale. Le présent guide donne aux institutions nationales compétentes un aperçu des dispositions de coordination prévues par l’UE dans le domaine des soins de santé. Il couvre les droits des personnes assurées et des membres de leur famille, y compris les droits des retraités et de leur famille. Les dispositions en matière de droit de séjour et de résidence dans le pays de l’assurance ou dans un autre pays de l’Union européenne y sont également détaillées. Cette publication est disponible en version imprimée en allemand, en anglais et en français.

    POUR COMMANDER gratuitement cette brochure, consulter le site EU Bookshop.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Office des publications de l'Union européenne
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015