Publications

7 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Statistiques, Drogues
    • 2014
    • Article
    • Anglais

    BACKGROUND:
    To investigate social and economic inequalities in fatal overdose cases related to opioid and cocaine use, recorded in Luxembourg between 1994 and 2011.
    METHODS:
    Cross-examination of national data from law enforcement and drug use surveillance sources and of forensic evidence in a nested case-control study design. Overdose cases were individually matched with four controls, when available, according to sex, year of birth, drug administration route and duration of drug use. 272 cases vs 1056 controls were analysed. Conditional logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the respective impact of a series of socioeconomic variables.
    RESULTS:
    Being professionally active [OR=0.66 (95% CI 0.45-0.99)], reporting salary as main legal income source [OR=0.42 (95% CI 0.26-0.67)] and education attainment higher than primary school [OR=0.50 (95% CI 0.34-0.73)] revealed to be protective factors, whereas the professional status of the father or legal guardian of victims was not significantly associated to fatal overdoses.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Socioeconomic inequalities in drug users impact on the occurrence of fatal overdoses. Compared to their peers, users of illicit drugs with lower socioeconomic profiles show increased odds of dying from overdose. However, actual and self-referred socioeconomic characteristics of drug users, such as educational attainment and employment, may have a greater predictive value of overdose mortality than the parental socioeconomic status. Education, vocational training and socio-professional reintegration should be part of drug-related mortality prevention policies.

    Souce: Pubmed

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Elsevier
    • Alcool, Statistiques
    • 2014
    • Fiche
    • Anglais

    [Rapport de situation mondial sur l'alcool et la santé 204: profil du Luxembourg ]

    This document presents for Luxembourg, its consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Drogues, Statistiques
    • 2014
    • Article
    • Anglais

    BACKGROUND/AIM:
    We analysed gender differences in national fatal overdose (FOD) cases related to opiates and cocaine use between 1985 and 2011 (n = 340).
    METHODS:
    Cross-examination of national data from law enforcement and drug use surveillance sources and of forensic evidence. Bivariate and logistic regression analysis of male/female differences according to sociodemographics, forensic evidence and drug use trajectories.
    RESULTS:
    The burden of deaths caused by FOD on the general national mortality was higher for men (PMR/100=0.55) compared with women (PMR/100=0.34). Compared with their male peers, women were younger at the time of death (t=3.274; p=0.001) and showed shorter drug use careers (t=2.228; p=0.028). Heroin use was recorded more frequently in first drug offences of female victims (AOR=6.59; 95% CI 2.97-14.63) and according to forensic evidence, psychotropic prescription drugs were detected to a higher degree in females (AOR=2.019; 95% CI 1.065-3.827).
    CONCLUSION:
    The time window between the onset of illicit drug use and its fatal outcome revealed to be shorter for women versus men included in our study. Early intervention in female drug users, routine involvement of first-line healthcare providers and increased attention to use of poly- and psychotropic prescription drugs might contribute to prevent premature drug-related death and reduce gender differences.

    Souce: Pubmed

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Karger
    • Maladies, Statistiques
    • 2014
    • Fiche
    • Anglais

    Tableau de synthèse Euro Pancreatic Cancer Index 2014 donnant le classement des 30 pays européens ayant participé à l’enquête sur la prise en charge du cancer du pancréas.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Health Consumer Powerhouse
    • Statistiques, Activité physique
    • 2014
    • Fiche
    • Anglais

    Cette fiche pays fournit les résultats pour le Luxembourg dans le cadre de l’enquête Eurobaromètre "Sport et activité physique" publiée en mars 2014.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Maladies, Statistiques
    • 2014
    • Fiche
    • Anglais

    [Aide-mémoire cancer dans le monde 2012]
    This document provides cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
    • Maladies, Statistiques
    • 2014
    • Fiche
    • Anglais

    [Maladies non transmissibles: profil du Luxembourg 2014]
    This profile from Luxembourg includes details of what proportion of deaths are due to noncommunicable diseases. Using graphs in a page presentation format, it provides information on prevalence, trends in metabolic risk factors (cholesterol, blood pressure, body mass index and blood sugar) alongside data on the country's capacity to tackle the diseases.
    Noncommunicable diseases are the top cause of death worldwide, killing more than 36 million people in 2008. Cardiovascular diseases were responsible for 48% of these deaths, cancers 21%, chronic respiratory diseases 12%, and diabetes 3%.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015