Enquête paneuropéenne sur l’alcool et d’autres drogues en milieu scolaire (ESPAD).
Le nouveau rapport ESPAD fait état d’une consommation de drogues stable chez les jeunes scolarisés et d’une réduction de la «consommation épisodique excessive d’alcool», mais pas de baisse dans le nombre de jeunes fumeurs de tabac.
Il s’agit de la cinquième vague de collecte de données conduite par le projet ESPAD, les enquêtes multinationales étant menées tous les quatre ans depuis 1995 (1). Plus de 100 000 élèves ont participé à la dernière enquête. Sur l’ensemble des pays participants, 23 étaient des États membres de l’UE.
- Date de parution: mai 2012
- European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
- Editeur: Office des publications de l'Union européenne
[Les jeunes et la drogue]
Flash Eurobarometer 401
This survey builds on the work of previous reports in exploring young people’s perceptions of and attitudes towards drugs, including:
Self-reported use of cannabis and new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs.
Sources of information about drugs, including their effects and the associated risks.
Perceived ease of availability of drugs.
The perceived health risks associated with occasional or regular use of various drugs, including alcohol and tobacco.
The appropriate legal status of a range of currently illegal drugs, as well as alcohol and tobacco.
Opinions about the best ways for authorities to tackle drug problems.
Results are analysed at the overall EU28 level and (where sample sizes permit) at country level, and by a range of socio-demographic groups. Where possible, comparisons are made with the results from 2011.
- Date de parution: août 2014
[L'attitude des jeunes face à la drogue]
Flash Eurobarometer 330
This report presents the results of a survey conducted among young Europeans aged 15 to 24 regarding their behaviours and attitudes towards drugs, including the so-called "legal highs", that is to say new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs and are often sold in form of powders, herbs or pills. Insights are given into use, availability of drugs, opinions about responses of drug policy and about which measures could be best undertaken to tackle drug-related problems in society. The survey also provides insights into the risk perception of the interviewed target group towards various substances such as the health risk they see related to the use of particular drugs, ranging from heroin to cannabis, as well as alcohol.
- Date de parution: juillet 2011
- Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
[Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer les blessures et la toxicomanie: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]
The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.
In most European countries there is amounting evidence on gender differences among adolescents with regard to exposure and vulnerability to injuries and substance abuse, however, preventive policies and programmes remain in many instances gender neutral. Generally, there seems to be an assumption that interventions and programmes will be just as effective for boys as for girls. However evidence shows that gender sensitive interventions are more effective and it is recommended that awareness of gender issues in prevention should be included in professional training and continuing education programs for prevention specialists.
- Date de parution: juillet 2011
- Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]