Publications

18 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Recommandations en matière de bonnes pratiques pour la préparation contre les pandémies émises à la suite d’une évaluation des interventions de lutte contre la grippe pandémique H1N1 2009]
    To evaluate the pandemic planning activities (PPA) undertaken before March 2009 in relation to the subsequent response to pandemic (H1N1) 2009, WHO/Europe randomly selected seven Member States in the European Region to participate in a detailed and systematic qualitative study. WHO teams visited each country and interviewed representatives from health and civil response ministries, national public health authorities, regional authorities, general practitioners and hospital physicians. Forty-nine group interviews were conducted, using an open-ended, questionnaire-based approach with contributions from more than 200 people, resulting in 90 hours of recorded material that was subsequently transcribed and subjected to detailed content analysis. From these data, WHO/Europe was able to determine six major themes essential to successful PPA and to conclude that PPA were successfully undertaken in the WHO European Region before the 2009 pandemic. At a workshop in Copenhagen, representatives of the participating countries discussed these findings and identified good practices for pandemic preparedness and planning.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Santé sexuelle, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais, Français

    La stratégie mondiale OMS du secteur de la santé sur le VIH 2011-2015 oriente la riposte du secteur de la santé aux épidémies provoquées par le virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH) afin d’instaurer un accès universel aux services de prévention, de diagnostic, de traitement, de soins et de soutien concernant le VIH.

    Elle réaffirme les buts et les cibles mondiaux de la riposte du secteur de la santé au VIH.

    Elle définit quatre orientations stratégiques susceptibles de guider les ripostes des pays.

    Elle précise les actions nationales et les contributions de l’OMS recommandées pour chaque orientation stratégique.

    Elle a pour objet de promouvoir une riposte à long terme et durable au VIH par le renforcement des systèmes d’action sanitaire et communautaire, l’étude des déterminants sociaux de la santé qui alimentent l’épidémie et entravent les mesures prises pour la combattre, et par la protection et la promotion des droits humains et de l’égalité des sexes considérés comme des éléments essentiels de la riposte du secteur de la santé.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2006
    • Rapport
    • Français, Allemand, Anglais

    Pour faire face à l'épidémie d'obésité, le Bureau régional de l'OMS pour l'Europe a organisé, en novembre 2006, une conférence au cours de laquelle tous les États membres ont adopté la Charte européenne sur la lutte contre l'obésité, qui énonce des principes directeurs et indique des domaines d'action clairs aux niveaux local, régional, national et international à l'intention d'acteurs très divers. Ce livre contient la première des deux publications de la Conférence. Il inclut la Charte et résume les notions et les conclusions des nombreux documents techniques rédigés en vue de la Conférence par un grand groupe d'experts en santé publique, nutrition et médecine.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Feuille de route pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose pharmacorésistante. Plan d’action consolidé pour la prévention et la lutte contre la tuberculose multirésistante et ultrarésistante dans la Région européenne de l’OMS 2011-2015]
    This publication presents a roadmap to scale up a comprehensive response to the alarming problem of drug-resistant tuberculosis in the WHO European Region. Designed to prevent and control both multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (M/XDR-TB) in the Region, the Consolidated Action Plan has six cross-cutting strategic directions and seven areas of intervention. Aligned with the Global Plan to Stop TB, implementation of the Action Plan will save 120 000 lives and billions of US$. The roadmap includes a monitoring and evaluation framework, analysis of the costs and benefits of implementation, and summaries of the situation in the 15 countries in the Region with a high burden of MDR-TB.
    This publication is aimed primarily at those responsible for TB control in the Region, including ministries of health and other government bodies responsible for health in penitentiary services, health financing, health education and social services. It should also help intensify the involvement of civil society and communities affected by the disease, professional societies, partners and donors, national and international technical agencies and all stakeholders engaged in TB control in the Region.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Santé mentale, Maladies
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [la démence: une priorité de santé publique]
    The report “Dementia: a public health priority” has been jointly developed by WHO and Alzheimer's Disease International. The purpose of this report is to raise awareness of dementia as a public health priority, to articulate a public health approach and to advocate for action at international and national levels.
    Dementia is a syndrome that affects memory, thinking, behaviour and ability to perform everyday activities. The number of people living with dementia worldwide is currently estimated at 35.6 million. This number will double by 2030 and more than triple by 2050. Dementia is overwhelming not only for the people who have it, but also for their caregivers and families. There is lack of awareness and understanding of dementia in most countries, resulting in stigmatization, barriers to diagnosis and care, and impacting caregivers, families and societies physically, psychologically and economically.
    The report is expected to facilitate governments, policy-makers, and other stakeholders to address the impact of dementia as an increasing threat to global health. It is hoped that the report will promote dementia as a public health and social care priority worldwide.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Alimentation, Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2006
    • Charte
    • Français, Allemand, Anglais

    Pour relever le défi toujours plus menaçant que représente l’épidémie d’obésité pour la santé, les économies nationales et le développement, la charte européenne sur la lutte contre l’obésité a été adoptée lors de la Conférence ministérielle européenne de l'OMS sur la lutte contre l’obésité, Istanbul (Turquie), 16 novembre 2006.
    Le processus d’élaboration de cette Charte a fait intervenir, par le biais d’un dialogue et de consultations, différents secteurs ministériels, organismes internationaux, experts, membres du secteur associatif et acteurs du monde économique.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    Chronic, non-communicable diseases are a challenge of epidemic proportions. At a global scale, non-communicable diseases are estimated to cost $47 trillion by 2030. Europe currently has the highest number of deaths and disability in the world due to these diseases.
    This paper represents the European Chronic Disease Alliance’s (ECDA) collective input to policy makers in the frame of the European Union’s reflection process on chronic disease, specifically called for in the Council conclusions of 7 December 2010 on “Innovative approaches for chronic diseases in public health and health care systems”. The ECDA would like to urge the European Commission and the Member States to include the recommendations provided herewith in any forthcoming strategy on chronic diseases.
    For the purpose of this paper, the ECDA definition for “chronic diseases” is: Chronic non-communicable disease or conditions that are of long duration and generally slow progression, linked by common risk factors such as tobacco, physical inactivity, nutrition, alcohol, environment, and are largely preventable.
    On the basis of these Council conclusions, this paper recommends a number of concrete measures that can be taken by the European Commission and Member States to tackle chronic diseases effectively. First and foremost the ECDA calls for a coordinated EU-led strategy to tackle the enormous challenge to societies posed by chronic diseases.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Chronic Disease Alliance's (ECDA)
    • Maladies, Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer la surcharge pondérale et l'obésité: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    Worldwide the number of children at risk for overweight/obesity has increased dramatically in the last decade, varying between boys and girls, culture and socioeconomic positions.What are the explanations behind the differences in overweight, obesity and eating disorders among adolescent girls and boys? Are policies and programmes aiming at preventing overweight, obesity and eating disorders gender sensitive?

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015