[Guide d'intervention mhGAP pour les troubles mentaux, neurologiques et liés à l’utilisation de substances dans les établissements de santé non spécialisés: Programme d’action Combler les lacunes en santé mentale (mhGAP)]
The mhGAP Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) for mental, neurological and substance use disorders for non-specialist health settings, is a technical tool developed by WHO to assist in implementation of mhGAP. The Intervention Guide has been developed through a systematic review of evidence followed by an international consultative and participatory process.
The mhGAP-IG presents integrated management of priority conditions using protocols for clinical decision-making. The priority conditions included are: depression, psychosis, bipolar disorders, epilepsy, developmental and behavioural disorders in children and adolescents, dementia, alcohol use disorders, drug use disorders, self-harm/suicide and other significant emotional or medically unexplained complaints.
The mhGAP-IG is a model guide and has been developed for use by health-care providers working in non-specialized health-care settings after adaptation for national and local needs.
- Date de parution: octobre 2010
- Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
[Résumé des dernières données européenne sur la résistance aux antibiotiques et la consommation d'antibiotiques]
Antibiotic resistance is an emerging problem throughout the European Union (EU) and increasing trends in antibiotic resistance in bacteria causing infections in humans are being reported by many Member States. There are large, inter-country variations in occurrence of antibiotic resistance in the EU.
Use of antibiotics is recognized as the main driving force behind increasing occurrence of antibiotic resistance. As observed for antibiotic resistance, there are also large, inter-country variations in the consumption of antibiotics in the EU. Previous studies have reported on correlations between the level of antibiotic consumption and occurrence of antibiotic resistance in European countries (see e.g., Goossens H, et al. Lancet 2005;365:579-87).
- Date de parution: novembre 2008
- Editeur: European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC)