[Statistiques européennes de maladies cardiovasculaires 2012]
This is the fourth edition of European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics. This fourth edition is published jointly by the European Heart Network, the European Society of Cardiology and the British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford. It is part of the European Heart Health Strategy II (EuroHeart II) project and benefits from co-funding from the European Union in the framework of the health programme. CVD remains the main cause of death in Europe with very significant differences in mortality rates between countries.
The differences are greatest between Northern, Southern and Western European countries and Central and Eastern European Countries. There are also differences between Western and Southern European countries with Southern European countries still having lower death rates from CVD than Western European countries. However, policy makers need to consider the differences and take a close look at risk factor prevalence and trends. Differences between Southern and Western European countries may persist but they are narrowing. This may be good news for Western Europe not necessarily for Southern Europe.
The data presented in the fourth edition of European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics show that our efforts to reduce mortality from cardiovascular diseases have been successful. Most noticeably, following steep increases in CVD mortality in some Central and Eastern European countries, these countries are now since the mid-2000 experiencing a decrease. However, the cost to the European Union economies of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is not decreasing.
A read through the chapters of the European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics confirms that Europe suffers badly from lack of data and, particularly, lack of comparable data. This is true for prevalence and incidence rates, rates of surgical procedures as well as for diets. The European Union has an important task in developing standard methods for collecting information or agreed procedures for calibration of locally appropriate methods and questionnaires, to ensure effective service planning and quality of care for patients across the European Union.
- Date de parution: octobre 2012
- Editeur: European Heart Network (EHN)
[Rapport mondial de l'OMS: mortalité imputable au tabac]
This report provides information by country on the proportion of adult (age 30 years and above) deaths attributable to tobacco by major communicable and non-communicable causes by age and sex. It builds and is consistent with the global estimate provided in WHO’s 2009 report entitled Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks.
- Date de parution: mars 2012
- Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
[Bien démarrer une vie saine: Niveler le gradient de santé chez les enfants, les jeunes et les familles dans l'Union européenne - Ce qui fonctionne]
In all EU countries there is a systematic correlation between level of health and social status – a step-wise decrease in health that comes with decreasing social position. This correlation exists amongst children and young people as well as amongst adults. These social gradients in health are harmful and unjust, particularly when it comes to children and young people, since adversity during the early years negatively impacts on health across the life-course.
This book aims to improve knowledge on what can be done to level-up gradients in health. It is based on research undertaken during GRADIENT, a project funded under the EU Seventh Framework Programme.
On the basis of concrete examples and national comparisons, it identifies measures that can be taken to level socio-economic gradients in health. It looks at:
Political and welfare-state factors
How universal policies on social protection, education and health systems can contribute to reducing gradients in health
Why social community capital matters
The importance of monitoring the distributional effects of all policies
The Gradient Evaluation Framework
The role of the EU in tackling social gradients in health
The book provides final recommendations for policy makers and practitioners to ensure that all children and young people in the EU get the right start to a healthy life.
- Date de parution: mars 2012
- Editeur: EuroHealthNet
[La santé mentale en période de crise économique]
This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on Mental Health in times of Economic crisis, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday, 19 June 2012. The aim of the workshop was to exchange views on the detrimental effects of the economic crisis on the mental health of European citizens.
- Date de parution: août 2012
- Editeur: Parlement Européen [European Parliament]