Publications

9 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Recommandations en matière de bonnes pratiques pour la préparation contre les pandémies émises à la suite d’une évaluation des interventions de lutte contre la grippe pandémique H1N1 2009]
    To evaluate the pandemic planning activities (PPA) undertaken before March 2009 in relation to the subsequent response to pandemic (H1N1) 2009, WHO/Europe randomly selected seven Member States in the European Region to participate in a detailed and systematic qualitative study. WHO teams visited each country and interviewed representatives from health and civil response ministries, national public health authorities, regional authorities, general practitioners and hospital physicians. Forty-nine group interviews were conducted, using an open-ended, questionnaire-based approach with contributions from more than 200 people, resulting in 90 hours of recorded material that was subsequently transcribed and subjected to detailed content analysis. From these data, WHO/Europe was able to determine six major themes essential to successful PPA and to conclude that PPA were successfully undertaken in the WHO European Region before the 2009 pandemic. At a workshop in Copenhagen, representatives of the participating countries discussed these findings and identified good practices for pandemic preparedness and planning.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Activité physique, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Français, Anglais

    L'OMS a mis au point ces recommandations mondiales en matière d'activité physique pour la santé dans le but de fournir aux décideurs politiques nationaux et régionaux des indications sur la relation dose/effet entre la fréquence, la durée, l'intensité, le type et la quantité totale d'activité physique nécessaire pour prévenir les maladies non transmissibles.
    Les recommandations concernent trois groupes d'âge:

    • les 5-17 ans;
    • les 18-64 ans, et
    • les plus de 64 ans.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Ouvrage
    • Anglais

    [Lignes directrices pour le dépistage du VIH, l'hépatite virale et d'autres infections chez les usagers de drogues]

    A manual for provider-initiated medical examination, testing and counselling.
    Infectious diseases are among the most serious health consequences of injecting drug use and can lead to significant healthcare costs. Injecting drug users are vulnerable to a range of infectious and communicable diseases through a variety of risk behaviours, and because of underlying
    conditions such as poor hygiene, homelessness and poverty.
    There is a recognised need for guidance on providing IDUs with a medical examination and testing for HIV, viral hepatitis and several other infections on a regular basis. In addition, improving testing uptake in this group would benefit epidemiological surveillance and monitoring as carried out at the national and international level.
    These guidelines are accompanied by a recommended package of prevention and primary care in relation to injecting drug users and infections. Treatment and other specialist care are not discussed in detail but are dealt with by indicating referral to appropriate services.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
    • Violence, Accidents et blessures, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [La prévention des blessures en Europe: De la collaboration internationale pour la mise en œuvre locale]
    Cet ouvrage est le rapport final relatif à un projet de trois ans entre l’OMS et la Commission européenne sur les progrès réalisés en matière de prévention des traumatismes et de promotion de la sécurité. Ce projet a débouché sur la mise en place d’une base de données de 47 profils de pays, compilés grâce à une enquête par questionnaire, et d’un inventaire des politiques nationales sur la prévention des traumatismes et de la violence.
    Ce rapport fait le bilan de la mise en œuvre de 99 programmes fondés sur des bases factuelles, incluant non seulement cinq causes de traumatismes non intentionnels et six types de violences, mais aussi des mesures de correction des inégalités d’ordre socioéconomique face aux traumatismes et à la violence et de lutte contre l’alcool en tant que facteur de risque.
    Les progrès sont analysés pour toute la Région ainsi que pour un sous-groupe de pays de l’Union européenne, et montrent que la résolution EUR/RC55/R9 du Comité régional de l’OMS pour l’Europe sur la prévention des traumatismes et la recommandation du Conseil de l’Europe sur la prévention des traumatismes et la promotion de la sécurité ont catalysé le changement dans 75 % des pays répondants.
    Les bases factuelles présentées dans ce rapport contribueront à engager davantage encore le secteur de la santé et d’autres intervenants dans une riposte multisectorielle en vue de la prévention des traumatismes, qui sont la troisième cause de décès en Europe et constituent une menace pour le développement économique et social.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Santé mentale, Politique internationale, Travail
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [La santé mentale et le bien-être sur le lieu de travail – protection et intégration en période difficile]
    Mental health problems have become one of the leading causes of work absenteeism and early retirement all over the European Region. The current economic recession and its effects on the job market are likely to add to the problems in employment and quality of life experienced by people with mental health problems and their families.
    This publication reflects the presentations given at a WHO meeting on mental health and well-being at the workplace in 2009. It suggests ways to respond to the challenges that modern working life presents to mental health and well-being and to overcome barriers to employment for people with mental health problems. It also discusses opportunities for integration and empowerment given the global economic downturn from the viewpoint of service-user and family-caregiver associations, enterprises, trade unions, politicians and researchers. It is essential reading for employers and policy-makers in the European Region and beyond.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Santé mentale, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [La santé mentale et le développement: le ciblage des personnes souffrant de troubles mentaux en tant que groupe vulnérable]
    The new WHO report on mental health and development is a call to action to all development stakeholders - governments, civil society, multilateral agencies, bilateral agencies, global partnerships, private foundations, academic and research institutions - to focus their attention on mental health.
    The report presents compelling evidence that persons with mental and psychosocial disabilities are a vulnerable group but continue to be marginalized in terms of development aid and government attention. It makes the case for reaching out to this group through the design and implementation of appropriate policies and programmes and through the inclusion of mental health interventions into broader poverty reduction and development strategies. The report also describes a number of key interventions which can provide a starting point for these efforts. By investing in persons with mental and psychosocial disabilities, development outcomes can be improved.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Maladies, Santé sexuelle
    • 2010
    • Ouvrage
    • Français

    Le guide Interventions prioritaires regroupe les principales interventions dans le secteur de la santé que recommande l’OMS pour aider les pays, les bailleurs de fonds et toutes autres parties intéressées à mettre sur pied une riposte complète à l’épidémie de VIH/sida.
    Il fournit des informations techniques sur toute une série de sujets, de la procédure à suivre pour élargir les programmes de préservatifs, aux dernières normes et directives thérapeutiques.
    Cette ressource disponible sur le web sera périodiquement mise à jour sur la base de l’expérience toujours plus riche d’un secteur de la santé en évolution rapide.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Santé mentale, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Déclaration de la FEAM sur les questions politiques en santé mentale]

    The high burden of mental illness has been relatively neglected in EU policy. The current practice of psychiatry is undermined by insufficient biological understanding of mental health disorders, under-recognition, stigmatisation, a lack of effective therapeutic interventions and of access to care delivery.

    The present report draws on discussion from a Prague meeting organised in 2009 by FEAM (Federation of European Academies of Medicine) to review some of the critical issues in contemporary psychiatry and is intended to provide advice to decision-makers at the EU and national levels in developing a more coherent policy for mental health. It covers policy priorities relating to research and public health for major contributors to the disease burden, including depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and their co-morbidities. it also addresses cross-cutting issues for mental health policy, including stigma, suicide, addiction, workplace stress and the challenges of adolescence and ageing.

    The recommendations focus on the needs to achieve better understanding of the psychosocial and biological factors in mental disorders, together with their interactions; to capitalise on scientific advances so as to develop more effective recognition, classification, diagnosis and therapy; and to share best practice to optimise the delivery of health services. Achieving a more productive linkage of research with clinical care requires improved epidemiology, increased investment in basic, clinical, translational and multidisciplinary research and its supporting infrastructure, and new approaches to networking of centres of excellence and public-private partnership to translate scientific advances into innovation.

    Developing this coherent strategy for mental health requires increased commitment from the European Commission and Parliament. The biomedical community also has a major responsibility to engage with policymakers and the general public to communicate about mental health disorders, their determinants, triggers, risk factors and management.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Psychiatric Center
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2010
    • Ouvrage
    • Anglais

    [Lignes directrices européennes pour l'assurance de la qualité dans le dépistage du cancer colorectal]

    The guidelines on colorectal cancer screening form the third and final set of three cancer screening guidelines on breast and cervical cancer published by the Commission to assist Member States in their screening and early detection programmes.

    Today’s publication provides the first ever set of uniform guidelines on all the steps necessary for effective population based colorectal cancer screening in the EU. By implementing them, Member States have the potential to organise their health systems more effectively, including the diagnosis and management of cancers detected in screening. There is good evidence that population-based screening using the EU-recommended test reduces mortality from colorectal cancer by around 15% in people of appropriate age (50 to 74 years) invited to attend screening.

    The guidelines, coordinated for the Commission by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), were developed with the input of over 90 experts from 32 countries, and set a benchmark for best practice in colorectal cancer screening. Widespread application of the Guidelines should also make it easier for experts in the field to exchange information and experience across the EU. This is essential for innovation and continuous quality improvement of existing cancer screening programmes.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Publications Office of the European Union
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015