Publications

17 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Médicaments, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Anglais

    [La menace de l'évolution à la résistance antimicrobienne - Des options pour l'action]


    Antibiotic resistance development is a natural process of adaption leading to a limited lifespan of antibiotics. Unnecessary and inappropriate use of antibiotics favours the emergence and spread of resistant bacteria. A crisis has been building up over decades, so that today common and life-threatening infections are becoming difficult or even impossible to treat. It is time to take much stronger action worldwide to avert an ever increasing health and economic burden. A new WHO publication "The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance - Options for action" describes examples of policy activities that have addressed AMR in different parts of the world. The aim is to raise awareness and to stimulate further coordinated efforts.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Santé mentale, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Action de santé publique pour la prévention du suicide]
    The purpose of this document is to provide a resource to assist governments in developing and implementing strategies for the prevention of suicide as well as to help those that have already initiated the process of conceptualizing national suicide prevention strategies.
    It draws on the evidence base built in the 15 years since the publication of the UN guidelines to outline the processes involved in developing a national suicide prevention strategy. It also identifies the critical elements of a framework (see Figure 1 in the Annex) for taking public health action to prevent suicide.
    Suicide prevention is a collective responsibility, and must be spearheaded by governments and civil society throughout the world.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Politique internationale, Grossesse et maternité
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Né trop tôt: le rapport d'action mondial sur les naissances prématurées]
    Born too soon: the global action report on preterm birth provides the first-ever national, regional and global estimates of preterm birth. The report shows the extent to which preterm birth is on the rise in most countries, and is now the second leading cause of death globally for children under five, after pneumonia.
    Addressing preterm birth is now an urgent priority for reaching Millennium Development Goal 4, calling for the reduction of child deaths by two-thirds by 2015. This report shows that rapid change is possible and identifies priority actions for everyone.
    This inspiring report is a joint effort of almost 50 international, regional and national organizations, led by the March of Dimes, The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, Save the Children and the World Health Organization in support of the Every Woman Every Child effort, led by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
    Born too soon proposes actions for policy, programs and research by all partners – from governments to NGOs to the business community -- that if acted upon, will substantially reduce the toll of preterm birth, especially in high-burden countries.
    The report contains a foreword by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and is accompanied by more than 30 new and expanded commitments to prevention and care of preterm birth, joining more than 200 existing commitments on the Every Woman Every Child web site.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Drogues, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Évaluation de la mise en œuvre de la Stratégie antidrogue de l'UE 2005-2012 et plans d'action connexes]

    Publication disponible en version électronique sur le site de l'éditeur RAND

    Illicit drug use continues to be an important public health and safety concern in Europe. Production, trafficking and dealing in illicit drugs constitute important criminal justice challenges in themselves, and are associated with other criminal activities. The 2005-2012 EU Drugs Strategy (as with previous strategies) was developed to complement and add value to national strategies and approaches while respecting the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality set out in the EU Treaties. The main rationale for its development was that while drugs problems vary across Member States, and are experienced at the local and national level, they are "a global issue that needs to be addressed in a transnational context". RAND Europe undertook an independent evaluation of the current Strategy and its Action Plans, addressing four research objectives:

    • To assess barriers and facilitators to the implementation of objectives and priorities at EU and Member State level
    • To assess the relevance and influence of the Strategy with respect to national drugs policy and legislation
    • To assess possible impact on the drugs situation in the EU
    • To identify key aspects and recommendations for future EU Drugs Strategies

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: RAND Corporation
    • Politique internationale, Santé mentale, Maladies
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [la démence: une priorité de santé publique]
    The report “Dementia: a public health priority” has been jointly developed by WHO and Alzheimer's Disease International. The purpose of this report is to raise awareness of dementia as a public health priority, to articulate a public health approach and to advocate for action at international and national levels.
    Dementia is a syndrome that affects memory, thinking, behaviour and ability to perform everyday activities. The number of people living with dementia worldwide is currently estimated at 35.6 million. This number will double by 2030 and more than triple by 2050. Dementia is overwhelming not only for the people who have it, but also for their caregivers and families. There is lack of awareness and understanding of dementia in most countries, resulting in stigmatization, barriers to diagnosis and care, and impacting caregivers, families and societies physically, psychologically and economically.
    The report is expected to facilitate governments, policy-makers, and other stakeholders to address the impact of dementia as an increasing threat to global health. It is hoped that the report will promote dementia as a public health and social care priority worldwide.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Politique internationale, Alimentation
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Mise en œuvre du cadre européen pour la réduction de la consommation de sel: Résultats de l'enquête des États membres]
    This report is an overview and synthesis of responses to a questionnaire sent to Member States in February 2010. The questionnaire sought to capture activities at national level from mid 2008 until the end of 2009 that had taken place within the context of the common European Union Framework on voluntary national salt initiatives (the ‘Framework’). The survey is an informal tool to gather information and to enrich the discussion within the High Level Group on Nutrition and Physical Activity (the “High Level Group”) on coordinating efforts to reduce salt intake among the European population. Responses were received from all 29 participating European countries, the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU) plus Norway and Switzerland.
    The nutrient that should be reduced is sodium. As mostly sodium is consumed in the form of sodium chloride, which is salt, the High Level Group decided to communicate about ‘salt’ and not ‘sodium’, as this is also better understood by the public. This is why this report mostly refers to the term ‘salt’. The amount of sodium is multiplied by the factor 2.5 to give the equivalent amount of salt.
    This report does not prejudice or replace the report provided by the Council Conclusions of June 20101 which will be issued by the European Commission in the next year. The reporting period of the present document can be considered to cover the first two years of the Framework, i.e. 2008 and 2009.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Publications Office of the European Union
    • Alcool, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [L'alcool dans l’Union européenne. Consommation, nocivité et stratégies adoptées]
    This new report uses information gathered in 2011 to update key indicators on alcohol consumption, health outcomes and action to reduce harm across the European Union (EU). It gives an overview of the latest research on effective alcohol policies, and includes data from the EU, Norway and Switzerland on alcohol consumption, harm and policy approaches. The data were collected from a 2011 survey, carried out as part of a project of the European Commission and the WHO Regional Office for Europe. The report updates the evidence base for some important areas of alcohol policy, and provides policy-makers and other stakeholders in reducing the harm done to health and society by excessive drinking with useful information to guide future action.
    Alcohol is one of the world’s top three priority areas in public health. Even though only half the global population drinks alcohol, it is the world’s third leading cause of ill health and premature death, after low birth weight and unsafe sex. In Europe, alcohol is the third leading risk factor for disease and death after tobacco and high blood pressure.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Maladies, Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    Chronic, non-communicable diseases are a challenge of epidemic proportions. At a global scale, non-communicable diseases are estimated to cost $47 trillion by 2030. Europe currently has the highest number of deaths and disability in the world due to these diseases.
    This paper represents the European Chronic Disease Alliance’s (ECDA) collective input to policy makers in the frame of the European Union’s reflection process on chronic disease, specifically called for in the Council conclusions of 7 December 2010 on “Innovative approaches for chronic diseases in public health and health care systems”. The ECDA would like to urge the European Commission and the Member States to include the recommendations provided herewith in any forthcoming strategy on chronic diseases.
    For the purpose of this paper, the ECDA definition for “chronic diseases” is: Chronic non-communicable disease or conditions that are of long duration and generally slow progression, linked by common risk factors such as tobacco, physical inactivity, nutrition, alcohol, environment, and are largely preventable.
    On the basis of these Council conclusions, this paper recommends a number of concrete measures that can be taken by the European Commission and Member States to tackle chronic diseases effectively. First and foremost the ECDA calls for a coordinated EU-led strategy to tackle the enormous challenge to societies posed by chronic diseases.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Chronic Disease Alliance's (ECDA)
    • Politique internationale
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Sante 2020: cadre politique et stratégie]
    Health 2020 is the new European health policy framework. It aims to support action across government and society to: “significantly improve the health and well-being of populations, reduce health inequalities, strengthen public health and ensure people-centred health systems that are universal, equitable, sustainable and of high quality”.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015