Publications

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    • Enfance et adolescence, Petite enfance, Accidents et blessures
    • 2008
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur la prévention des traumatismes chez l’enfant]
    Injuries are a leading cause of death and disability in children. This report presents evidence on how they can be prevented, and calls for greater commitment and action from policy-makers and practitioners to decrease the burden of injuries. Every year, nearly 42 000 children and teenagers aged 0–19 years die from unintentional injuries in the European Region, where injuries are the leading cause of death in children aged 5–19; 5 out of 6 of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Irrespective of country income, the burden falls disproportionately on children from the most disadvantaged groups. The leading mechanisms of unintentional injury death in children are road traffic crashes, drowning, poisoning, thermal injuries and falls. Whatever the mechanism, the main causes of injury and their underlying socioeconomic and environmental determinants are similar. Children are particularly vulnerable to injuries, and need special consideration to safeguard their right to health and to a safe environment, free from injury. The evidence base for prevention programmes is presented in this report. Health systems and in particular child health programmes throughout the European Region should prioritize child injury prevention and control.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Accidents et blessures, Enfance et adolescence, Petite enfance, Statistiques
    • 2008
    • Rapport
    • Anglais, Français

    Chaque jour,plus de 2000 enfants et adolescents meurent d'une blessure qui aurait pu être évitée. Grâce au présent rapport, l'organisation mondiale de la Santé et le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’Enfance et de nombreux partenaires se sont attachés à faire de la prévention des traumatismes chez l’enfant une priorité pour les responsables de la santé publique et du développement dans le monde. Le rapport présente les connaissances actuelles surles cinq plus importantes causes de blessures non intentionnelles - accidents de la route, noyades,brûlures,chutes et les empoisonnements - et fait sept recommandations pour pouvoir agir.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015