Publications

24 résultats Voir en premier : les plus pertinents | les plus récents
    • Enfance et adolescence, Petite enfance, Accidents et blessures
    • 2008
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur la prévention des traumatismes chez l’enfant]
    Injuries are a leading cause of death and disability in children. This report presents evidence on how they can be prevented, and calls for greater commitment and action from policy-makers and practitioners to decrease the burden of injuries. Every year, nearly 42 000 children and teenagers aged 0–19 years die from unintentional injuries in the European Region, where injuries are the leading cause of death in children aged 5–19; 5 out of 6 of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Irrespective of country income, the burden falls disproportionately on children from the most disadvantaged groups. The leading mechanisms of unintentional injury death in children are road traffic crashes, drowning, poisoning, thermal injuries and falls. Whatever the mechanism, the main causes of injury and their underlying socioeconomic and environmental determinants are similar. Children are particularly vulnerable to injuries, and need special consideration to safeguard their right to health and to a safe environment, free from injury. The evidence base for prevention programmes is presented in this report. Health systems and in particular child health programmes throughout the European Region should prioritize child injury prevention and control.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir la violence: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication summarizes current data on what is effective in preventing and managing violence, showing effective interventions and good practices through a distinct gender perspective. Through a review of the existing evidence, it looks at why is it important to look at gender as a determinant of adolescence health, what are the main differences between girls and boys in exposure to risk, norms and values and access to services, and what are the different responses from the health sector and the community.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Grossesse et maternité
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de prévenir et de gérer la grossesse d'adolescente: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication summarizes current knowledge on what works in preventing and managing adolescent pregnancy. It gives examples of effective interventions and good practices and explains the impact of gender norms, values and discrimination on the health of adolescents relevant the prevention and management of adolescent pregnancy, giving readers a deeper understanding of the gender dimension of actions listed.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Drogues, Statistiques
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    Enquête paneuropéenne sur l’alcool et d’autres drogues en milieu scolaire (ESPAD).

    Le nouveau rapport ESPAD fait état d’une consommation de drogues stable chez les jeunes scolarisés et d’une réduction de la «consommation épisodique excessive d’alcool», mais pas de baisse dans le nombre de jeunes fumeurs de tabac.

    Il s’agit de la cinquième vague de collecte de données conduite par le projet ESPAD, les enquêtes multinationales étant menées tous les quatre ans depuis 1995 (1). Plus de 100 000 élèves ont participé à la dernière enquête. Sur l’ensemble des pays participants, 23 étaient des États membres de l’UE.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Office des publications de l'Union européenne
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Santé mentale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Preuve d'actions sensibles à la sexospécificité afin de promouvoir la santé mentale: Santé des jeunes – une intervention pansociétale]

    The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports Member States in improving adolescent health by recommending comprehensive, multisectoral and evidence-informed adolescent health approaches; by delineating the critical contribution of the health sector; by fostering actions towards reducing inequalities; and by addressing gender as a key determinant of adolescent health. This publication aims to support this work in the framework of the European strategy for child and adolescent health and development, and is part of the WHO Regional Office for Europe contribution to the development of a new policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, for which the WHO Regional Office for Europe has been mandated by the 53 Member States.

    The publication gives a summary of effective interventions and good practices in promoting mental health and managing mental health problems. It also explains the impact of gender norms, values and discrimination on the health of adolescents relevant to mental health. Through a review of the existing evidence, it looks at why is it important to look at gender as a determinant of adolescent’s health, what are the main differences between girls and boys in exposure to risk, norms and values and access to services, and what are the different responses from the health sector and the community.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Drogues
    • 2014
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Les jeunes et la drogue]
    Flash Eurobarometer 401
    This survey builds on the work of previous reports in exploring young people’s perceptions of and attitudes towards drugs, including:
    Self-reported use of cannabis and new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs.
    Sources of information about drugs, including their effects and the associated risks.
    Perceived ease of availability of drugs.
    The perceived health risks associated with occasional or regular use of various drugs, including alcohol and tobacco.
    The appropriate legal status of a range of currently illegal drugs, as well as alcohol and tobacco.
    Opinions about the best ways for authorities to tackle drug problems.

    Results are analysed at the overall EU28 level and (where sample sizes permit) at country level, and by a range of socio-demographic groups. Where possible, comparisons are made with the results from 2011.

    • Date de parution:
    • Enfance et adolescence, Statistiques
    • 2012
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Déterminants sociaux de la santé et du bien-être chez les jeunes Enquête sur le comportement des jeunes d'âge scolaire en matière de santé (HBSC) : rapport international sur l'étude de 2009/2010]

    Through this international report on the results of its most recent survey, the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study supplies the up-to-date information needed by policy-makers at various levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, and professionals in sectors such as health, education, social services, justice and recreation.

    The latest addition to a series of HBSC reports on young people’s health, this report presents findings from the 2009/2010 survey on the demographic and social influences on the health of young people (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) in 43 countries and regions in the WHO European Region and North America. Responding to the survey, the young people described their social context (relations with family, peers and school), physical health and satisfaction with life, health behaviours (patterns of eating, tooth brushing and physical activity) and risk behaviours (use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, sexual behaviour, fighting and bullying). Statistical analyses were carried out to identify meaningful differences in the prevalence of health and social indicators by gender, age group and levels of family affluence.

    The aim was to provide a rigorous, systematic statistical base for describing cross-national patterns, in terms of the magnitude and direction of differences between subgroups, thus contributing to a better understanding of the social determinants of health and well-being among young people, and providing the means to help protect and promote their health.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Accidents et blessures
    • 2012
    • Anglais

    [Profil du Luxembourg sur la sécurité de l'enfant 2012]
    The Child Safety Country Profile 2012 for Luxembourg highlights the burden of child and adolescent injury and examines socio-demographic determinants to provide a starting point for interpreting the results of Luxembourg’s Child Safety Report Card 2012 and for measuring progress toward and setting targets for reducing child and adolescent injury-related death and disability.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: European Child Safety Alliance (ECSA)
    • Petite enfance, Enfance et adolescence, Maladies, Alimentation, Politique internationale
    • 2011
    • Rapport
    • Anglais

    [Rapport européen sur les initiatives locales visant à réduire l'obésité chez les enfants]

    In Europe, about 10-30% of adults are obese. Estimates of the number of overweight infants and children rose steadily from 1990 to 2008. The complex aetiology of obesity and the likeliness of developing habits for unhealthy eating and physical activity during the early stages of childhood have specifically encouraged the use of community-based initiatives (CBIs) to combat childhood obesity. A CBI generally consists of a combination of strategies implemented at a local level that target the environment or the community’s capacity (instruments) or individuals directly (activities). CBIs are considered as good practice in obesity-prevention policies, as obesity cannot be solved solely by an individual but rather, multi-sectoral responses are required to create a healthy environment.

    In 2010, the European Commission called for a project to create an overview of European CBIs that aim to reduce childhood obesity. This report presents the outcomes of this survey. Its target audience concerns policy makers at different levels, but also public health professionals involved in executing CBIs. The report therefore applies a practical approach. It presents results on obesity policy and CBIs in general, the degree of implementation and costs, the contents of CBIs, quality indicators, reported effectiveness of CBIs and practical experiences as reported by the CBI coordinators. In the overall conclusion, the gaps in information are presented and recommendations for policy makers. Finally, for public health professionals, the report contains a section on ‘how to use this report as a practical toolkit?’.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Commission européenne [European Commission]
    • Enfance et adolescence, Politique internationale, Alimentation, Activité physique
    • 2006
    • rapport
    • Anglais

    [Les déterminants socioéconomiques d’habitudes alimentaires et de niveaux d’activité physique salutaires chez les adolescents]
    Selon une récente « Étude sur le comportement des enfants d'âge scolaire en matière de santé » (HBSC), les adolescents pauvres sont en moins bonne santé que les adolescents mieux nantis. À l'heure où une prévalence fortement accrue de l'obésité chez les enfants et les adolescents d'Europe renforce le caractère d'urgence de la démarche, le Forum HBSC 2006 de l'OMS a été organisé dans le but d'étudier les déterminants socioéconomiques des habitudes alimentaires et des niveaux d'activité physique salutaires chez les adolescents.
    Il s'agit du premier d'une série de forums programmés pour aider les pays à mettre en œuvre des mesures axées sur les déterminants socioéconomiques de la santé dans les politiques et les interventions visant à promouvoir un bon état de santé chez les jeunes. Les participants à ces forums examineront les bases factuelles les plus récentes et feront la synthèse des enseignements acquis en matière d'élaboration et de mise en application de politiques.
    Ce rapport fait figurer en bonne place les études de cas et les données d'enquêtes présentées lors du Forum 2006, dont il résume les principales conclusions quant à la nature des problématiques et aux modes d'intervention possibles pour les décideurs.

    • Date de parution:
    • Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]
  • Dernière modification le 12-10-2015