[Résumé des dernières données européenne sur la résistance aux antibiotiques et la consommation d'antibiotiques]
Antibiotic resistance is an emerging problem throughout the European Union (EU) and increasing trends in antibiotic resistance in bacteria causing infections in humans are being reported by many Member States. There are large, inter-country variations in occurrence of antibiotic resistance in the EU.
Use of antibiotics is recognized as the main driving force behind increasing occurrence of antibiotic resistance. As observed for antibiotic resistance, there are also large, inter-country variations in the consumption of antibiotics in the EU. Previous studies have reported on correlations between the level of antibiotic consumption and occurrence of antibiotic resistance in European countries (see e.g., Goossens H, et al. Lancet 2005;365:579-87).
- Date de parution: novembre 2008
- Editeur: European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC)
La présente Convention a pour objet de promouvoir, protéger et assurer la pleine et égale jouissance de tous les droits de l’homme et de toutes les libertés fondamentales par les personnes handicapées et de promouvoir le respect de leur dignité intrinsèque.
- Date de parution: avril 2008
- Editeur: ONU [UNO]
[Lignes directrices européennes pour l'assurance de la qualité dans le dépistage du cancer du col de l’utérus]
European Guidelines for Quality Assurance in Cervical Cancer Screening have been initiated in the Europe Against Cancer Programme. The first edition established the principles of organised population-based screening and stimulated numerous pilot projects. The second multidisciplinary edition was published in 2008 and comprises 250 pages divided into seven chapters prepared by 48 authors and contributors. Considerable attention has been devoted to organised, population-based programme policies which minimise adverse effects and maximise benefits of screening. It is hoped that this expanded guidelines edition will have a greater impact on countries in which screening programmes are still lacking and in which opportunistic screening has been preferred in the past. Other methodological aspects such as future prospects of human papillomavirus testing and vaccination in cervical cancer control have also been examined in the second edition; recommendations for integration of the latter technologies into European guidelines are currently under development in a related project supported by the European Union Health Programme. An overview of the fundamental points and principles that should support any quality-assured screening programme and key performance indicators are presented here in a summary document of the second guidelines edition in order to make these principles and standards known to a wider scientific community.
- Date de parution: mars 2008
- Editeur: Office des publications de l'Union européenne
[Atlas de la santé en Europe]
This updated statistical atlas presents key health figures for the WHO European Region. They cover basic data on populations, births, deaths, life expectancy and diseases, lifestyle and environmental indicators, such as drinking, smoking and traffic accidents, and types and levels of health care.
Each indicator is presented as a map to show overall regional variations, a bar chart to indicate country rankings and a time chart to show trends over time in three main country groupings.
Using the WHO Regional Office for Europe’s unique Health for All database, combined with the best alternative sources of data around the Region, this atlas offers the most comprehensive overview of health in Europe. In a handy size, this atlas is designed to be an easily accessible resource at all times, in the office or on the road.
- Date de parution: janvier 2008
- Editeur: Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) [World Health Organization (WHO)]